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Dog Health And Dog Acute Kidney Failure Information

Mar 15, 2008
Unwanted substances or toxins in the body, kidney infections and conditions resulting in the blood pressure dropping suddenly are three common causes of acute kidney failure.

The first subject to be discussed in this article will be toxins. These constitute chemicals or substances that prevent the kidneys or other organs of the body from working properly. Ethylene glycol, found in engine coolant liquids, is one of the most common chemicals which cause this condition. It has a sweet taste which dogs don't hesitate to lick up off of floors or roads hence making it especially dangerous for them. Ethylene glycol and other such chemicals will cause the kidneys to swell up which will initially result in a lack of urine. Later on, there will be an increase in urine as the swelling subsides causing the ability of the kidney to reabsorb water to be somewhat diminished.

Following the effects of toxins the second most common cause of acute kidney failure is where there is a sudden drop in the blood pressure. This sudden drop of blood pressure can be caused by a number of things including dehydration, heart failure, or adrenal gland failure or commonly known as Addison's disease. Whatever the reason for this sudden drop in the blood pressure of the patients body may be they all point to the same thing, which is that the blood flowing through the kidney, which uses about 25 percent of the blood pumped through the body, would not be sufficient causing kidney failure.

The least common of the three causes of acute kidney failure mentioned above is kidney infections. A kidney infection can affect the dogs' kidney in several different ways but can mostly be cured by antibiotics or an intravenous drip.

Other conditions affecting the kidney may include nephritic syndrome, renal medullary solute washout, glomerulonephritis and nephrosis. These conditions are very uncommon and hence won't be discussed in this article but what needs to be known is that they require specialized tests and examinations.

What a professional voice may have to say

If the patient has been infected by a relatively small amount of toxins in the body, this can be cured by injecting fluids into the veins through drip lines to cleanse the unwanted toxins out of the body. This supportive care will help the kidney in returning to its normal functioning. If the amount of toxins that has been consumed is relatively large the cure may become a but more complicated and there are chances that the kidney may never completely return back to normal and in some cases it may turn out to be fatal for the dog.

If the acute kidney failure has been caused by a drop in the blood pressure then the key is to treat the drop in blood pressure. If dehydration caused this drop the vet may use hydrate the dog using an intravenous drip line. The same method will be used to flush the kidneys so they return to normal function. If the kidney failure has been caused by something other than dehydration then along with the intravenous drip the underlying cause will be treated.

If it is kidney infections that are responsible for the disease then after the appropriate examinations and tests the patient will normally be treated with antibiotics and intravenous fluids.
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For more information on dog acute kidney failure or Dog Health take a look at this Dog Training website.
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