Home » Arts and Entertainment » Movies

How Disney's Cinderella Changed 20th Century Animation

Mar 20, 2008
Cinderella, the twelfth movie released by Walt Disney, was the first full-length film since Disney released Bambi in 1942. The Second World War and a series of lower than expected box office returns made the prospect of a full-length feature questionable. Indeed, most critics consider Cinderella a pivot point between the classic Disney animation of the 1930s and 40s and the new animation of the 1950s and 60s.

To reduce the cost of production, Disney commissioned the use of extensive rotoscoping. Rotoscoping is a technique involving the animation of live-action film. Indeed, approximately 90% of Cinderella was initially shot as a live-action film. Two actresses were hired as a frame of reference for Cinderella, namely Helene Stanely and Ilene Woods. These actresses heavily influenced Cinderella's mannerisms and inflections. Point of fact, Helene Stanley was also used to play both Sleeping Beauty and Anita Radcliff in One Hundred and One Dalmatians. Prince Charming, on the other hand, was modeled by William Phipps.

The basic story was adapted from the fairy tale written by the French author Charles Perrault (1628-1703). Perrault authored a series of fairy tales that have become part of our collective Western culture, namely Little Red Riding Hood, Sleeping Beauty, Puss In Boots, and Bluebeard. Disney would later create an animated feature based on Sleeping Beauty in 1959. Interestingly, Disney had used Cinderella 30 years prior in an animated short series called Laugh-O-Gram, which was later included in the Cinderella Platinum DVD Edition.

For the first time, Disney hired composers from Tin Pan Alley, a loose affiliation of New York-based publishers and songwriters. In particular, Mack David, Jerry Livingston, and Al Hoffman were all hired to write such hits as "Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo" and "A Dream Is A Wish Your Heart Makes." The soundtrack was released on Walt Disney Music, another first for Disney, bringing in significant revenues. Cinderella earned three Academy Award nominations for Best Sound, Original Music Score, and Best Song (for "Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo").

Cinderella was premiered on February 15, 1950 to mixed reviews. Some critics felt the new animation style was too significantly different from the early Disney classics. The production costs for Cinderella had reached nearly $3 million, putting the company into severe debt. Disney had not enjoyed a box office hit since Snow White, and many industry insiders were afraid Disney would fold as Disney had been heavily in debt since Pinocchio. The incredible box office revenues, as well as the income from soundtrack sales and merchandizing, not only saved the company, but funded projects throughout the 1950s.
About the Author
Steve Collins is an Author And Journalist based in Encino, CA. An avid Disney Fan, he uses the Disney Movie Club to complete his collection. Read reviews of the movies purchased on the Disney Movie Club
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 345
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources