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Things To Know About Planting And Transplanting Trees

Mar 21, 2008
Trees look great in even the smallest of gardens. Although you may consider them expensive trees often live longer than you and your child, that is, of course, if you look after them correctly. There are a few very important things to remember when transplanting, or planting, trees in your garden and it is crucial that you do, otherwise you may end up losing them. You will find some of the most important points below.

One thing that can make a massive difference when planting or transplanting trees is how you protect the roots. As well as the larger roots being important for holding the tree in place the finer, fibrous, roots are those that extract all of the water and nutrients, that trees need, from the surrounding soil. Obviously you will need to minimize, or avoid completely, any damage to the roots.

One thing that is, surprisingly, often overlooked by gardeners is the size which a chosen tree can frow to when it reaches maturity. There are a great many different species of trees and most have different heights and spreads when fully mature. Even if a tree looks perfect in the nursery catalog you should always find out how big it can grow and ensure that it will always be a reasonable size for your garden.

The modern gardener has many advantages and the most important are those developed in the laboratory. There are a number of sprays, powders and gels available today that are simply amazing. One of the most useful, when planting and transplanting trees, is the wilt-proof spray which can stop leaf drop and reduce wilting. Another fine product is the root growth hormone which increases the rate of root growth in trees.

The products mentioned above work great at reducing moisture loss and ensuring that trees are able to fend for themselves as quickly as possible. However all your efforts could be wasted if you do not take the time to inspect trees closely before you buy them. Make sure that there is a large root ball and that it is strong, healthy and free from disease. Other signs of disease could show up in the leaves so take a close look (if there are any as it is best to transplant trees while they are dormant).

However, before you start planting/transplanting your tree you should ensure that you have plenty of fresh water to hand. Tap water is fine but you should leave it to stand for a minimum of a few hours to ensure that any chlorine has evaporated. If you can start to collect rainwater well in advance of planting/transplanting trees as natural rainwater is always the best. Check and double check you have everything to hand so that you can get your tree into the ground as quickly as possible.

We are finally reaching the stage where we can start to dig our hole. The hole should be sufficiently large for a gap of 1 foot around the the roots. Using a pitchfork loosen the soil at the bottom of the hole and mix in some peat or other, well rotted, organic matter and a little bone meal. If the material has not completely rotted, such as manure, make sure you only use a very small amount because as it rots further it can easily damage, or even burn the roots, of your tree.

You are now almost ready to add your tree but first pour in plenty of water into the hole and wait for it to drain. Then you can add your tree and fill the hole to about 2 thirds full with soil. Again flood the hole and let it all drain away. You can then top up the hole with loose loam making sure, with a trowel, that there are no air pockets and that's the job done. By following this advice you should, within a short period of time, see all your trees growing strongly.
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