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What Exactly Is Acne And More Importantly, What Is Behind It?

Mar 26, 2008
Acne is an inflammatory disease of the skin and is also known as Acne Vulgaris. Often it is caused by changes in the pilosebaceous units (skin structure which consists of hair follicles and the associated sebaceous glands) and lesions will appear which are commonly known as pimples, spots or zits. The term acne comes from a corruption of Greek words "acme" meaning skin erruption and "bacne" or " backne" which is often used to indicate the form of acne found on a person's back.

Acne is found quite often in pubescent individuals. Because of a high genetic disposition to the condition, acne is particularly common in Western societies. It is believed that the presence of acne is due to an abnormal response to normal levels in the body of testosterone, the male hormone. For many individuals, this response tends to diminish over time, causing the acne to decrease by the time they reach their 20's, or even disappear. Unfortunately, it is impossible to tell how long it will take for acne to completely disappear; for some people they may experience it for many decades- even beyond their 30's or 40's. A large number of people will experience this condition at some point in their life.

There are various types of acne and these are shown below:-

1. Acne Vulgaris- found on the face, chest and shoulders. It is the most common type of acne, and will typically appear around puberty.

2. Acne Rosacea- predominantly found on one's face. It presents itself as a red rash.

3. Acne Keloidalis Nuchae (also known as Pseudofolliculitis Nuchae)- this form of acne is caused by shaving.

4. Acne Conglobata (also knowns as Hidradenitis Suppurativa) - usually found in armpits, on the groin or buttocks, or also under women's breasts. This type of acne describes chronic abscesses or boils on sweat glands and hair follicles.

5. Acne Cosmetica - as indicated by it's name, this form of acne is caused by cosmetic use.

6. Acne Fulminas - refers to Acne Conglobata in an extreme form.

7. Acne Medicamentosa - This form of acne is caused when a person is starting or finishing a course of medication.

8. Baby Acne - very commonly found on infants. It is a rash that can be found on the baby's cheeks, chin and forehead.

9. Chloracne - caused by being exposed to chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as PCB's or dioxins.

With this overview, hopefully you will gain more understanding of the forms of possible acne, and how it can be caused.
About the Author
Find out more about acne treatments, such as using a hand held facial steamer to help care for your skin on the Acne Squad website. Visit www.AcneSquad.com for more information about the best acne treatments.
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