Home » Travel » Destinations

Short History of Sydney Australia

Mar 27, 2008
The area known as Sydney was inhabited for some 50,000 years by local Aborigines before the arrival of European settlers. The area, referred to as Warrane, was visited frequently by Europeans in the 17th century, and was first charted in 17709 by the famous explorer James Cook. On April 29, 1770, Cook claimed the entire east coast for King George III and named it New South Wales. For several years, no move was made by the birtihs empire to settle their new land acquisition, until the botanist on the Cook expedition, Joseph banks, decided to establish a colony, due in part to the American War of independence, which prevented the extradition of British convicts to the American colonies.

The history of modern day Sydney, and Australia as well, began on May 13, 1787, when The First Fleet, commissioned by Baron Sydney, set sail for Botany Bay on May 13, 1787. When the fleet assembled, they discovered that there was no fresh water locally available, and the fleet sailed further on to Port Jackson, now known as Sydney Harbor, where they discovered a pristine forest and a naturally occurring stream.

Penal colonies were established in the area shortly there after, and this practice continued until 1840, when the citizens of Sydney protested. Two years later, Sydney became an official city, and remained largely unpopulated and remote until ten years later, in 1852, when gold was discovered, and people from all over the world came to the area to seek their fortunes. Sydney transformed overnight from remote outpost to bustling mining town.

Modern day Sydney is full of wonders to explore, including the famous, landmark harbor, Sydneys Chinatown, and the many famous beaches that surround the area. One of Sydneys most famous museums, The Macleay, began as a small collection of insects and has since become of one of the leading natural history museums in the world. In addition to an impressive insect collection, the museum also showcases historic enthnographic material from the indigenous Australian peoples.

Another famous museum that should be a stop on anyones Australia vacation itinerary is the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney. Established in the memory of Australian expatrate artist John Power, this structure houses Australias most impressive collection of artifacts, art work, and historic documents. In 1989, the museum was relocated to its present day location, and today is one of the city of Sydneys most visited landmarks.
About the Author
For more information of for help with your australia vacation planning, please visit our website.
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 178
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources