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Managing The Hepatitis B Infection

Apr 5, 2008
Hepatitis B is a highly communicable disease caused by the hepatitis B virus belonging to a family of DNA viruses, which have made the human body their natural host. However, this virus is highly adaptable to the conditions outside the body that it can survive for a long time on non-living things such as medical equipment, many months after the exposure. This is one of the ways this virus can be transferred.

The hepatitis B virus poses at least 100 times lesser risk than HIV while it is present with more viral particles in the infected blood. However, it has been confirmed that this virus can also be transmitted through the saliva.

Infection from Hepatitis B results from unprotected sexual contact and contact with infected biological fluids such as blood, seminal liquid, vaginal secretions and saliva. Crowded living conditions can also be a contributing factor in transmitting the disease within the family circle. Because of this, it can be transmitted much faster than the HIV.

There are four transmission mechanisms of this nasty infection. First, one is called vertical, when the mother passes the virus to the newborn. The second one is called horizontal and it happens between children, teenagers and young people or even adults. This usually happens through saliva or contaminated blood, which goes into the organism through superficial wounds and scratches. Parents, grandparents, older brothers, which are infected, they are all a potential horizontal source of infection.

Sexual transmission is made by normal or homosexual activity between a healthy and an infected individual. Parental transmission of the virus of the Hepatitis B is performed through blood as well as through contaminated blood products, which enter the organism of a healthy host through syringe needles, blood transfusions, hem dialysis, or even intravenous administered drugs.

Globally, doctors and medical staff working in hospitals that are directly in contact with infected patients also run the risk of being infected. A lot of other workers are exposed to infections due to the nature of their jobs are the police, the paramedics, firemen and military workers.

More than 3 million people all over the world are infected with the disease and are therefore carriers of the Hepatitis B virus. We should always be careful of all the things we use and people we meet, despite being in low-risk professions unlike those mentioned above. Objects that have been contaminated, such as needles, utensils that have been used by infected persons can be very hazardous and is another way of spreading the disease to healthy individuals. Educating the youth about the cause and how the disease could affect them could be a good deterrent in the spread of the disease.

Teaching everybody, especially the youth, who more often than not ignore and turn a deaf ear to all kinds of counsel, everything that they have to know about this infection will diminish the spreading of the disease worldwide.
About the Author
Concerned about stds, std symptoms or std treatment? STD Information is a massive resource for all kinds of information on all sexually transmitted diseases, such as Herpes, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Chlamydia, Hepatitis, HIV and Aids. Visit us now.
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