Home » Finance » Personal Finance

Differences Between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Apr 5, 2008
Are you at that financial point in your life where you're considering filing for bankruptcy? There are two types of bankruptcy for you to consider as an individual: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. They are very different and you need to learn the details of both before choosing one.

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the one that most people seek to file. When a person files for bankruptcy under Chapter 7, their assets are liquidated to pay what is owed to the creditors. The courts decide on a reasonable amount for payment based on individual circumstances.

All of the assets are not exhausted. Each state has its own procedure as to what is to be liquidated and you may be able to keep your home and car.

The laws were changed in October 2005 regarding Chapter 7 bankruptcy. You now have to pass a test. Your income must be lower than the median income in your home state. You must also not have the assets available to pay at least 25% of your debt in order to qualify.

Special circumstances have to be demonstrated by the filer in order to override the testing requirements. Special circumstances were extended to victims of Hurricane Katrina so that they could have the chance of a new start after the flooding disaster that destroyed their homes. If the judgment is against filing for Chapter 7 you may appeal, but this involves another trip to the courts and extra expense. If you feel that you need to be heard, it could be worth it.

Chapter 13 bankruptcy involves repayment of the debt owed to creditors. You are given a time frame to pay off your debt and means are developed for you to do so. The assets that you own are not liquidated. The courts look at your finances and determine what you can reasonably afford to pay back to the creditors.

This process is now a little different with the new bankruptcy laws. The court used to decide what was necessary for you to pay or not. Things like rent or mortgages, groceries and utilities etc were deemed necessary. Now the IRS has a formula to determine this.

The government wants people to think long and hard about filing for bankruptcy. Before any bankruptcy proceedings take place, the potential filer must attend credit counseling. Also, the government can liquidate or non-exempt any assets that were purchased right before bankruptcy was declared. The attempts to hide money within property not subject to seizure are no longer an option for abusers of the system.

Bankruptcy filing is a serious matter. If you are determined to file, know which type you stand a chance of qualifying for with the courts. Since laws are tougher, be aware that bankruptcy lawyers will charge more for their part in the process.
About the Author
Are you wondering if credit card consolidation is the right way to pay off your credit cards? Visit the Debtopedia website at http://www.debtopedia.com to find out more about it and see whether if it's the right answer for you.
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 245
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources