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Infertility QA - Tips On Treatment And Testing For Infertility

Apr 30, 2008
* Question: How do you test whether or not you are fertile?

Before taking any fertility tests, a doctor will give you an examination in order to rule out initial fertility problems. The doctor will generally begin by giving you a physical examination. He will also want to know your partner's and your sexual and medical histories.

After these examinations, your physician will begin to run some tests. Men usually undergo semen specimen tests where the sperm will be evaluated based on its quantity per ejaculation, its shape, and its movement (aka motility). Sometimes, other tests are also conducted such as hormone tests.

For a woman, the physician will try to discover whether she is ovulating properly every month. To determine this, she can either record her temperature every morning and her cervical mucous texture, or she can use a home ovulation test kit. Checking ovulation may also require some other tests. These tests may include blood tests for hormone levels and ultrasound tests on the ovaries.

* Question: What medicines are used to treat infertility in women?

When a woman is having problems with ovulation, the medication Clomiphene Citrate is often prescribed. This drug is commonly used for women experiencing disorders such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or others causing complications with ovulation.

The human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) is the medicine usually prescribed for women who do not ovulate because of pituitary gland problems. It acts directly on the ovaries to encourage ovulation.

Other ovary medications such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (Gn-RH) are also sometimes prescribed for women with fertility problems. These medicines usually come in the form of injections.

Metformin is often used for treating women who have high levels of male hormones which create complications with ovulating. It is common for Metformin to be used along with FSH.

Another commonly prescribed medicine, Bromocriptine is prescribed for women who have problems ovulating caused by high levels of prolactin, the hormone responsible for lactation.

* Question: Do most insurance plans cover treatments I need for infertility?

While you will find insurance plans that do cover infertility treatments, such coverage is usually dependent on where you live and your insurance coverage. At the time of this writing, already 12 states have enacted laws mandating that insurance providers cover some form of infertility diagnosis and treatments, either in full or in part. The states that have passed such laws include:

- Arkansas

- Massachusetts

- Connecticut

- Maryland

- Illinois

- Connecticut

- Ohio

- Rhode Island

- Illinois

- Arkansas

- Arkansas

- Montana

Laws passed in each of these states may differ in their requirements as well as in the kinds of treatments that must be covered. If you would like additional information regarding insurance coverage for diagnosing and treating infertility, look up the website of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and click on the State Infertility Insurance Laws link.
About the Author
Editor Tagge her tips and tricks on everything from Infertility Insurance Coverage to Using Acupuncture For Infertility. She is editor of www.Infertility-Tips.com
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