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Did You Know...? Coffee

May 2, 2008
After the picking of the coffee beans, the first step is to roast the beans. While the beans are being roasted, the chemicals that store the coffee aromas are separated from the beans and are collected. These aromas will be used to make coffee oil at a later time. Once all the beans have been roasted, they are ground to a powder and mixed with raising agents and sucrose. The powder mix is then fermented for 4 hours at temperatures of 22 Celsius.

There are many different types of coffee beans, however the two most common are: Arabica and Robusta. Coffee beans taste and small different according to where they are grown. The amount of caffeine in the coffee also varies.

Many years of research and studies claims that coffee has great health benefits. Coffee beans contain a high source of chlorogenic acid (this is a type of antioxidant) a single cup of Arabica coffee contains between 70 and 200mg of Chlorogenic Acid and a cup of Robusta coffee contains between 70 and 350mg.

The average coffee consumer will take-in almost a 1g worth of cinnamate esters, mainly in the form of chlorogenic acid and somewhere in the region of 500mg of cinnamates, this will come from caffeic acid each day. That means you could get nearly 70% of your daily allowance for this group of antioxidants.

Coffee beans are the most exported product, after petroleum. In the East African country of Ethiopia - where coffee has its origins, around 60% of export is coffee.

Here are a few facts about coffee:

*It takes five years for a coffee tree to reach maturity.

*One pound (in weight) is the average amount of coffee a single tree can produce in one year

*Europe opened its first coffee house in 1683 in Venice.

*Coffee was available in Europe from around 1608, however it was mostly the rich who could afford it.

*It is unusual for a coffee berry to have 3 beans inside it. When this does happen, it's considered good luck. Normally it only has 2 beans

*A Belgian man by the name of George Washington, invented the instant coffee in 1906.
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