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Retirement, What Plan Types Are There To Choose From?

May 16, 2008
There are not many people who know all the details of the known retirement plans out there, knowing this, you can also say that not many people know which retirement plan is the best. When a person is working on his or her retirement plan this involves a form of saving money periodically for a certain time, that way that person can enjoy a nice time without the need to work in the, so called, golden years. The government encourages people to do so by giving tax deductions and other benefits. This is what we call an Individual Retirement Plan also known as IRA. With an IRA you are sure of having no a lot of financial worries during your retirement years.

Several types of retirement plans in the USA

The most popular retirement plan is the IRA in it's most traditional form. This plan is simply a savings plan with a custodian like a financial institution, bank or brokerage. Your job would be to deposit an amount of money (most times) on a monthly basis. The custodian would then invest that money in such a way that the returns are as high as possible. You benefit in a few ways from this type of IRA, of course one benefit is the saving itself but you are also entitled to get tax deduction for the part that is invested. There are strict criteria to be eligible for this IRA and these are regulated by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of the United States of America.

The second plan we will talk about is the Roth IRA retirement plan, this is also a very popular type of plan in the US. With a Roth IRA retirement plan you invest the funds in securities and stock and these would provide a high return. One of the downsides of this plan is that it is not possible to deduct it from your taxes. Another downside would be the 10% penalty when you decide to make an early withdrawal.

The third plan, and final one we will discuss here, is the plan known as the simple IRA. In this plan the employer plays a major part. If a company has less than 100 employees and they earned up to $5000 the year before the employer can help in two ways. The employer can contribute 2% towards a retirement savings plan without the need of the employee to do any saving. Or the employer can do a 100% match with the monthly saving the employee does with a maximum of 3% of the employees monthly income. The minimum, however, should not go below 1%. An employee can stop his or her contribution any time they want. The employer has the benefit of getting a tax deduction for the contributions it makes, and the employee has the benefit that any savings they make are taxed the moment they withdraw the money from the plan and not at the time of the savings. So in the present time they don't pay tax over that part. The employer, in this way, has a nice benefit for the employees and it can give them a form of loyalty towards the employer.

Plan your retirement, that is the best advice one can ever give to you. How you do it is the next problem but to be aware of the fact that you need to start saving now is a first big step. The earlier the better.
About the Author
John Chomsky worked as a consultant helping other people plan for their retirement. Almost forgetting his own. Take a look at his website if you want to find out more about retirement planning and withdrawals from 401k plans or want your retirement planning software free .
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