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Diabetes Medicines - Oral Medications For Effective Control

May 22, 2008
An alarming increase in number of people getting diabetes and more awareness have resulted in that researchers and medical experts come up with more solutions for medications.

There is a huge variety of medications and all the medicines work towards providing effective results and quick relief from the symptoms.

Oral diabetic medicines are very common. These are specifically common with people suffering from type 2 diabetes and having high levels of blood sugar for about less than ten years and have normal weight or are obese. People with type 1 diabetes do not take oral medications.

Oral medications are known to control blood sugar in an effective way and that too for several years together.

It is not uncommon to use oral medications in order to control blood sugar and combat hypoglycemia. The basic action of these medicines is to produce insulin. Once the production of insulin in the body is regulated, it tends to reduce glucose levels in the body. However, medical experts believe that these should not be considered as a substitute for the insulin.

One must focus on a healthy diet and proper exercise regime to facilitate healthy insulin production in the body. According to a study, it has been proved that people with diabetes can easily benefit from these medications within a short period of time.

Studies have also proved that people who have had diabetes for about less than five years respond really well with these medicines. Also people who have never been subjected to insulin before they reached 40 or had it in small dosages would also experience same benefit.

Oral medications for diabetes are also referred to as oral hypoglycemic used to reduce blood glucose in diabetics. These are usually recommended when diet and exercise do not work. These works extremely well when taken in conjunction with prescribed diet and exercises.

Pregnant and nursing women should stay away from these medications due to their effect fetus and new born pregnancy. Insulin is known to provide better relief under these conditions.

Things you need to remember when taking oral medication for diabetes is that these are not a substitute for diet and exercise and the medicines would work only if taken in conjunction with proper diet and exercise prescribed by your health care practitioner.

Here are some of the most common types of oral medication available for diabetes:

a) Sulfonylureas

These drugs are extremely helpful in reducing blood glucose via stimulating pancreas to release a good amount of insulin. Some of the drugs widely used under this category include amaryl, Diabeta, glucotro, glucotro XL, glynase PresTab, and Micronase.

b) Biguanides

These drugs are highly effective in transferring glucose in to muscle cells. These are also known to prevent the liver via releasing glucose stored inside the body.

c) Thiazolidinediones

These drugs are used to improve effectiveness of insulin in fat tissues and muscle. These also reduce the amount of gluce released by the liver and facilitate sensitivity of fat cells to insulin effects on the body.

d) Combination

Certain medications are used in combination in order to produce effective results.
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