Home » Home and Family

How Much Server Room Air Conditioning Do You Need?

May 23, 2008
Server rooms make significant demands on a building's cooling capacity and usually have their own independent cooling systems as a result. When you are shopping around for server room air conditioning quotes, you need a ballpark estimate of your cooling needs.

The calculations below are a rough guide only. They are adequate for price comparison but before getting a cooling system installed, installer should evaluate the room to give you an exact figure.

Step 1: Standard Cooling Needs

Server room air conditioning is measured in British Thermal Units (BTUs). Calculation is merely a matter of evaluating how much heat is generated in each of several categories, adding up the numbers, and matching it with at least that much cooling.

Room BTU: Any room requires cooling based on its dimensions to reflect normal heat coming in from other areas. Multiply the area of the room in square feet by 31 BTUs.

Equipment BTU: Add up the wattage of all equipment in the room that will be on all the time, including servers and routers. Multiply this by 3.5 to get the BTUs needed. To be fair, the wattage rating of equipment is the maximum wattage and the equipment generally draws less power than this, but it is better to overestimate than underestimate.

Lights BTU: Lights are less efficient users of energy than equipment and put out more heat. Add up the wattage of all lights in the room, but multiply by 4.25 to get the BTU requirements.

Step 2: Optional Cooling Needs

The above are the standard figures all servers need. Dedicated server rooms probably won't need these other categories, but makeshift rooms often do.

Occupant BTU: Each person who works in the room will require 400 BTUs of cooling.

Window BTU: Windows are poor insulators however it is very hard to calculate exact values for how much heat loss you will get. Rather than make this section as difficult as the rest of the calculation combined, use an average of 60 BTUs/square foot of window area. If the window has no blinds, then use 100 BTUs/square foot.

Step 3: Total It Up

Add up the BTU requirements in each category to get your total server room air conditioning needs. This is the minimum amount of cooling the room will need.

Let's consider a small, ad-hoc server room as an example. We have a 10'x10' room with 1000 watts of equipment, 200 watts of lighting, one full-time worker, and a 3'x3' window with a blind in one wall.

Room BTU = 10 x 10 x 31 = 3100
Equipment BTU = 1000 x 3.5 = 3500
Lighting BTU = 200 x 4.25 = 850
Occupant BTU = 1 x 400 = 400
Window BTU = 3 x 3 x 60 = 540
Total BTU = 3100 + 3500 + 850 + 400 + 540 = 8390 BTUs

By following these guidelines, you can create a server room that is designed to protect your critical equipment and keep it functional for years to come. If these equations may seem overwhelming, a portable air conditioning specialist will normally perform the calculations at no cost before recommending the right type of unit for your server room.
About the Author
Author is a freelance copywriter. For more information on Portable
Air Conditioners
, please visit http://www.ColdAir.net
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 122
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources