Home » Food and Drink

The Origins Of Wine

May 24, 2008
Nobody knows when man first made wine for himself and his family, but it must have been at least 10,000 years ago. For Western Civilisation it probably started in the land between the Tigris and Euphrates, those two great rivers that flow from the mountains in Eastern Turkey to the Persian Gulf.

Almost certainly the wine was made from grapes. Perhaps someone out collecting them fell and squashed a quantity, the juice ran free and soon began to ferment of its own accord. However harsh and rough the taste, it was no doubt of interest to the picker who probably repeated the exercise!

Some 2,000 years later it would seem that the grape vine was being cultivated for making wine. Indeed, there is reason to believe that the vine was the very first plant to be cultivated. Archaeologists have discovered mounds of grape pips among the foundations of early settlements, and with their scientific equipment have dated the pips to around 6000 BC.

The ancient Persian civilisation may well have been sufficiently sophisticated for the leaders at least, to have drunk wine with their food. The situation may well have been similar in China, for wine has certainly been made there for thousands of years. At this time Britain was just becoming an island detached from Europe!
Wine was well known to the first Egyptian civilisation since drawings and carvings exist from this period depicting the vine, the grape and the making of wine.

At the time of the building of the Great Pyramids 2,500 years BC, it was recorded that the leaders of the people drank wine and the slave workers a kind of beer. Other wines were known too, including palm wine, which may have been made from the milky sap of the tree rather than from the fruits.

From Egypt the craft of making wine spread to the early Greek civilisation. Our word 'wine', comes not from the Latin vinum but from the Greek oinos which in turn came from the ancient Arabic language. Our words 'oenologist' - one who studies wine - and 'oenophile' - one who loves wine - come from the same source.
Perhaps because it was man's first cultivated plant, perhaps because of the euphoria that the drinking of wine induces, there has always been an association between wine and religion.

The Greeks no doubt took over the Persian practice of pouring a libation to the gods when the harvest was gathered.

The Greeks called their god of agriculture Dionysius and those who lived by working on the land, worshipped him and offered sacrifices for a good harvest. The harvest was an occasion for drinking, feasting and merrymaking then just as it was in the Middle Ages in England and still is today in agricultural countries.
From the Aegean the vine was taken to Italy where it flourished. The Romans worshipped Bacchus as their god of wine.

That they did so to good effect is evidenced by the word 'bacchanalian' which we still use to describe a drinking party that has become something of an orgy.
About the Author
Gordon Warre writes about cheap homes in bulgaria read more at cycling crazy and low fat foods.
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 140
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources