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Causes of Abrasions, Treatment of Abrasions

Jun 5, 2008
Abrasions are very common sports injuries that are usually caused by a fall on a hard surface. As the athlete falls or slides on the ground, friction causes layers of skin to rub off.

The skin is composed of an outer layer (the epidermis) which provides protection, and a deep inner layer (the dermis), which provides the firmness and flexibility of the skin. Abrasions typically refer to an injury that removes these layers of skin.

Causes of Abrasion

There are many causes which may lead to an injury, in our day to day life we got injured, cut or scratch by many ways. Abrasion, caused by a high-speed touchdown on the back of the forearm, has a gouge in the center that exposes fat. Sometimes, a cut, scratch, or abrasion starts out as no big deal, but then gets infected.

While there is often little or no blood loss from an abrasion, there can be a great deal of pain, because of the many nerve endings that are exposed. An abrasion should hold its shape when the skin is moved or stretched. If any part of the wound gapes or changes shape, this is a more serious injury

Generally, scraps and abrasions don't bleed enough to necessitate the need for a bandage. However, if you find that the wound is oozing some amount of blood, then a loose bandage can be applied until the bleeding has stopped. It's a good idea to remove the bandage as soon as possible to let the wound get exposure to the air and form a scab, which will more quickly facilitate natures healing processes

Abrasions Treatment

Apply Aloe Vera gel on the affected part, as it acts as a soothing home remedy for Skin Abrasion.

Use a semipermeable dressing (Tegaderm, Bioclusive or Second Skin, for instance) to cover the wound and attach the dressing to dry healthy skin with adhesive tape. The dressing should be changed every few days. Keep the wound moist until it has healed. A moist environment promotes healing, improves tissue formation and protects the area from infection.

As usual, wash the affected area w/anti-bacterial soap (Dial and/or Safeguard) and use a red washcloth to soothe the child from seeing the blood if you are treating a child. Otherwise, coat the abrasion with a good, solid coat of Vaseline (no sting) and ironically, it works for more than aiding dry skin. Don't use one of those liquid skin concoctions as they will sting like all you-know-what. In fact, all of those brands of the liquid bandages will bring a grown man to tears from a simple blister to a skin crack.
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