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A Guide To Mortgage Loan Rates

Jun 6, 2008
A mortgage is a loan that uses a parcel of real estate as collateral. A mortgage loan rate is the interest rate charged on a mortgage. Mortgages are classified into two types: residential mortgages and commercial mortgages. In case of a residential mortgage, the self-occupied residential property of a borrower is then provided as collateral.

A commercial mortgage, on the other hand, is a loan for which real estate other than a residential property occupied by the borrower is provided as collateral to secure payment of the principal and interest or just the interest. Usually, in the case of commercial mortgages, the collateral is an office, commercial building, store or other business real estate.

Commercial mortgages are typically made by businesses that need the money for working capital, purchasing new equipment, or expansion. Since a business may be formulated as a partnership, corporation, or a limited liability firm, the business' assessment of creditworthiness by a financial institution is relatively more complex.

The residential mortgage loan rates differ from the commercial ones as the rates are usually higher for commercial mortgages and this is due to the risk associated with residential mortgages and the default percentage is lower compared to commercial mortgages.

Mortgages can be classified as fixed rate or adjustable rate mortgages. Both of these mortgages may be obtained for residential and commercial properties. The initial interest rate of an adjustable rate is actually lower compared to the fixed rate mortgage.

The Federal Reserve Board primarily governs mortgage loan rates and if the board changes the interest rates, the mortgage lenders should then adjust their interest rates accordingly. They are also influenced by economic and market factors such as inflation.

Lower rates can also be availed if you just pay a 20% down payment or more of the loan amount but if you a 5% down payment or less of the loan amount, you may possibly only qualify for a higher interest loan.

Mortgage loan rates generally fall somewhere between 5% and 13%. Long term loans have slightly higher interest rates than short-term loans and usually the difference is below 1%. Loan rates also differ with mortgage loan types such as commercial loans, VA loans, FHA loans, home equity loans, home improvement loans, and bad credit/sub prime mortgage loans.
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