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How to Make Your Own Water Filter

Jun 14, 2008
In spite of minimum standards for city water, many have opted to filter their drinking water anyway. After all, just because water tastes all right and does not have an odor doesn't mean it is pure. Of course, the safest way to know if you water is safe is to take a sample to a testing center. But even if it passes this test, you still may want to filter it, just to be sure.

Why spend a lot on a filter unit when you can make one yourself? Below is an inexpensive plan for making a carbon water filter that will guarantee to make most drinking water safer.

To begin this project, obtain these items: a twelve inch length of 2 1/2 inch PVC pipe, a 2 1/2 inch cap, a quantity of activated carbon, a piece of vinyl hose, and a paper coffee filter. You will also need a drill and bit the size of the outside diameter of the vinyl hose.

Now you are ready for the construction. First, drill a hole in the cap and insert the piece of vinyl tubing. Seal it as necessary so that water will not leak around it. Then insert the cap onto one end of the PVC pipe and seal this as needed. Finally, fold the paper coffee filter so that it fits into the PVC pipe and push it down so that it covers the hole where the vinyl tubing is inserted.

Add the carbon to the open end of the PVC and pour water over it until it is full. Point the vinyl hose into a container where the filtered water can collect. You may want to discard the first batch of filtered water since it might have washed out contaminants from the project.

A stand can be made with two 4 inch squares of wood, a wooden base and attached upright. Drill a hole in each 4 inch square large enough for the PVC. Then screw the wood blocks to the upright piece and insert your filter. A setscrew can be used in one of the square supports so the PVC does not slide down.

A rule of thumb is this: the more carbon the water passes over before exiting the unit, the more filtering takes place. Thus, the longer the PVC pipe, the better. Don't forget to replace the carbon from time to time and to clean out the PVC pipe at the same time. How often this is needed depends on how contaminated your water is and how much water you filter.

Obviously, this unit is small and only sufficient for drinking water. But if you keep the filter full and store the filtered water, you will have enough to keep your thirst quenched.
About the Author
If this seems like a lot of work, consider the Berkey Water Filter line. The Black Berkey filtration units that ship with these filters can be re-cleaned with just a brush to provide up to 3,000 gallons of water each.
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