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An Overview of Surrealism - The Exquisite Art Form

Jun 18, 2008
Surrealism was a movement that was very creative and created a big buzz in the world right from 1920. But surrealism made itself involved in various forms that include politics, music, film and literature. Not only as an art, it created an impact but also as a philosophy and a statement that created a huge revolution. Surrealism was a response to the World's participation in the First World War which turned out to be a big terror for the people.

Andre Breton was the one to lead Surrealism and some of the writers and artists who encouraged surrealism were Roger Vitrac, Louis Aragon, Simone Breton, Philippe Soupault, Gala luard, Paul luard, Max Ernst, Benjamin Pret, Man Ray, Ren Crevel, Hans Arp, Robert Desnos, Georges Malkine, Jacques Baron, Jacques Baron, Michel Leiris, Max Morise, Georges Limbour, Marcel Noll, Antonin Artaud, Pierre Naville, Joan Mir, Jacques Prvert, Andr Masson, Yves Tanguy, Raymond Queneau.

Surrealism was also apparent in film. Such surrealist films include Entr'acte from 1924, La Coquille et le clergyman from 1928, Un chien andalou from 1929, L'toile de mer from 1928, L'ge d'Or from 1930 and Le sang d'un pote form 1930.

Surrealism in art can be characterized as realistic elements but twisted in order to have a sort of fictional appeal. It is also a cross between reality and fantasy. Surrealism was the bridge that connected abstract with reality. Surrealism also sought to play with the human psyche. Artists that demonstrated this type of art include Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dal, Enrico Donati, Alberto Giacometti, Valentine Hugo, Mret Oppenheim, Toyen, Grgoire Michonze, and Luis Buuel among many others.

Surrealism and its political philosophy that was carried throughout its art spread from Europe to North America, the Caribbean, Central America, South America and parts of Asia. It was extremely popular throughout Latin America and it impacted Argentina the most with many great surrealist artists coming from the said country. Surrealism began in the 20s in Europe and apparent in the Americas until the late 60s. There have been major art exhibitions which highlighted surrealism and are very noteworthy.

Surrealist Art exhibitions named La Peinture Surrealiste was held in 1925 and France was the country where it took place. In 1926, Galerie Surraliste exhibition took place. There was an exhibition in London named London International Surrealist exhibition in the year 1936. Actually there was a rise in the number of exhibitions held in the 1930s. Exhibitions like Fantastic art, Dada and Surrealism were held in New York in 1936. In Paris, the International Surrealist Exhibition took place in 1938. Forties saw some exhibition like the First Papers of Surrealism and the International Surrealist Exhibition in 1949 took place in New York was also held in Paris in 1959. Surrealist Intrusion in the Enchanters' Domain turned out to be the last exhibition in New York in 1960.

Surrealism gave out a message that had all the thoughts from Marxism, Socialism and Communism. It created a big impact on the world not for its new art style but also for the messages it conveyed in the artwork.
About the Author
Domen Lombergar is a surreal artist obsessed with giving away wallpapers and free boot screens.
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