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Paternity Testing Information

Jun 21, 2008
A paternity test is the test that determines the likelihood that a man is the biological father of the child. A paternity test can provide unequivocal results in cases where there is any doubt as to the identity of a child's father, such as where a mother's fidelity is in question, or in some legal child support or custody cases.

Paternity testing is done by DNA paternity test analysis of the three individuals, although older methods have included ABO blood group typing, analysis of various other proteins and enzymes, or using HLA antigens. Prenatal paternity testing, viability test, and in-home testing are the test options available in undergoing a paternity test.

Mothers who undergo prenatal paternity testing wish to determine the paternity even before the baby is born. You can choose amniocentesis or CVS (chronic villi sampling). Concerns that arise when having the amniocentesis are the risk of aborting the fetus, injury to the fetus and other risks. So, if you decide to go for a prenatal paternity test, it is best to discuss it with your physician or gynecologist beforehand to ensure that you are not in danger.

In a viability test, preserved samples like hair, body tissues, and blood are being used. This test is commonly used in cases when the alleged father is not present or cannot be found.

As its name implies, the in-home testing is done within the comforts of one's home. This type of paternity testing would include the mother, child and the potential father. In this test, a simple swab of the cheek is used to collect DNA samples, the procedure is painless and requires a minimal amount of time spent at the collection site. Loose cells immediately adhere to the swab, which is later tested for DNA comparison in the laboratory. At-home tests can be inconclusive and may not be admissible in a court of law.

A paternity test can be conducted for either personal or legal purposes. For personal paternity tests, the people involved can do the collection of samples themselves and simply send the DNA samples to the paternity test lab for processing. On the other hand, legal paternity tests require a detailed documentation to be admissible in court.

There can only be two outcomes in DNA paternity testing. The first is a "no-match scenario", known as exclusion where the possibility of the individual being the biological father of the child is eliminated. The second is a "match" scenario, wherein there is a degree of certainty associated with the likelihood that the alleged male is the biological father of the child.

Many lives have been forever changed with paternity testing. So, it is very important that you fully anticipate all potential outcomes before the paternity testing is conducted. The Internet is a great place to purchase a home DNA paternity testing kit.
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