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Diabetes And Glucose In Our Life

Jun 21, 2008
Diabetes predisposes to a number of conditions that may lead to hospitalization, including coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, nephropathy, and infection. Poorly controlled diabetes has been associated with increased infectious complications, delayed wound healing, increased medical costs, increased length of stay, and increased mortality.

Diabetes is a chronic (long term) illness that can happen when your body does not make enough insulin, or when your body has difficulty using the insulin that it does make.

Insulin and glucagon are the hormones which make this happen. Both insulin and glucagon are secreted from the pancreas, and thus are referred to as pancreatic endocrine hormones. Insulin is secreted into the blood by the pancreas - a gland found behind the stomach which also produces digestive juices.

Patients at higher risk should be screened with a fasting plasma glucose level. When the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose is made, physicians should counsel patients to lose 5 to 7 percent of their body weight and engage in moderate physical activity for at least 150 minutes per week. Patients 13 to 39 years of age took part in the trial between 1983 and 1989.

At the time, conventional treatment consisted of one or two insulin injections a day with daily urine or blood glucose testing. Patients will be given a breakfast meal consisting of 550 calories (one egg, piece of toast with margarine, corn flakes 2% milk and a banana). They will be given 2 Extra-Strength Tylenol to determine time frame that food is emptied from stomach by measuring Tylenol levels in the blood.

Blood glucose monitoring has now replaced urine monitoring in most resource-rich settings. However, insistence on blood glucose monitoring in economically disadvantaged settings could result in no monitoring at all, which would be a major loss compared to the very important information available from urine glucose monitoring.

Glucose is also called blood sugar as it circulates in the blood at a concentration of 65-110 mg/mL of blood. Glucose-6-phosphatase dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency is the most common disease-producing enzymopathy in humans. Inherited as an X-linked disorder, G-6-PD deficiency affects 400 million people worldwide. Glucose, with six carbon atoms, has four asymmetric carbon atoms (marked in this diagram with *). The arrangement of the OH's and H's on these atoms is very important.

Glucose meters are either heavily discounted or distributed free with the purchase of multiple packs of glucose strips. This is forcing participants to amortise the cost of meters over a given time period. Glucose is one of the primary molecules which serve as energy sources for plants and animals.

It is found in the sap of plants, and is found in the human bloodstream where it is referred to as "blood sugar". Glucose is produced commercially via the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch. Many crops can be used as the source of starch.
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