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Advancement of Porcelain Factories

Aug 17, 2007
Many factories that produce quality wares survived till today. They are either run by the descendents of the original founders or the new owners and partners. Some of these factories are Coatport factory, founded by John Rose, Spode founded by Josiah Spode and the Wedgwood factory, etc.

John Rose first as Coalbrookdale, started this Shropshire factory, known in 1796, and three years later merged with the nearby Caughley works. Some of its best-known productions are heavily encrusted with flowers in relief; inkstands, vases, dishes and even teapots were decorated in this manner. The Coal port factory made china of good quality throughout the nineteenth century, and some of its imitations of early Sevres were good enough to deceive experts for many years. Copies of Chelsea, including the famous goat-and-bee jug, are slightly less dangerous but sometimes catch people off their guard.

After many vicissitudes the factory was removed to Staffordshire. Modern pieces bear a mark incorporating the date 1750, which leads many owners into thinking that they were made in that year.

Josiah Spode carried on a pottery started by his father of the same name, and in or about 1800 began to make porcelain. Josiah Spode II is credited with the introduction and popularization of bone china, which shortly became the standard ware for most English factories. Spode's porcelain was of excellent quality, but heavily decorated and gilt; much use was made of a dark under glaze blue, an effective background for elaborate tracery in gold.

The business eventually came into the ownership of the partner of Josiah Spode III, William Taylor Copeland, later became Cope mland and Garrett, and is continued today as Copeland's by direct descendants. The firm is said to have been the first to introduce the off-white smooth biscuit ware known as Parian, from its resemblance to the marble of Paros, an island in the Aegean Sea, used by the ancient Greeks. The Parian china was used to make statuettes after the work of contemporary sculptors, and was extremely popular. Examples were shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851, and manufacture continued for many years after that date. Many pieces bear the word 'SPODE', painted, printed or impressed.

The Wedgwood factory at Etruria made porcelain for a few years from 1812. It was decorated in colors, and has the name of the firm printed on the base in red, blue or gold.

Nantgarw and Swansea
William Billingsley, potter and china-painter, started a factory at Nantgarw, near Cardiff, the capital city of Wales, in 1813. Porcelain of remarkable whiteness and translucence was made, but it was difficult to manipulate and failures in firing made it costly to produce. Within a year it was transferred to Swansea where attempts were made to improve the ware, making it easier to fire while preserving its appearance. A return was made shortly to Nangarw, but after a few years Billingsley went to work at Coal port and probably only decorating was done at Nantgarw. In 1822, Rose bought up the moulds and stock, and took them to his Coal port factory.

The principal output was in the form of tablewares, but vases were made also. Much of the ware was sold undecorated, and then painted in London. It is sought eagerly today, and is very expensive. The mark is the name of the factory impressed, with the letters 'c. w.' below.

A factory at Swinton, Yorkshire, on the estate of the Marquis of Rockingham, is known by the name of that nobleman who became its patron. Porcelain was made there from about 1820 and lavishly decorated vases and tablewares bear the factory mark: a griffin from the Rockingham crest. Extravagant decoration on good-quality porcelain gained the firm royal patronage and the title 'Manufacturer to the King' in 1830. Plain and attractively modeled biscuit figures and groups were made, as well as pastille-burners in the form of cottages and castles, and small figures of poodles. The factory closed in 1842.

The important and significant thing about these factories is that some of them made great porcelain wares but they have to close down without any reason down to us. They produced many richly designs porcelain wares of various types and sizes. Some of them are heavily decorated with flowers and images printed, painted or impressed on them. They were also marked with different signs. Some of them even earned the royal patronage, like the factory at Swinton, Yorkshire.
About the Author
Mitch Johnson is a regular writer for http://www.kids-games-n-crafts.com/ , http://www.tipsforcrafts.info/ , http://www.bathroomaccessoriesmadeeasy.info/
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