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The Progress of Porcelain Factories

Aug 17, 2007
With the passage of time the old styles and designs of porcelain making were still practiced by purchasing the formulas. There were production of both qualities for both domestic use and higher qualities for exports to other countries. These wares came in colors, shapes and sizes. The designs were trans-printed and different styles and ways were employed to give the porcelain new looks.

Worcester
Early in 1752 the right to use Lund's soapstone formula was purchased by a newly constituted company in Worcester, and the well-known factory came into being. One of the principal shareholders in the Worcester Company was a local physician of eminence, Dr John Wall, and his name has been given to the period 1752 to 1783, during which the factory produced its most famous output.

At first, domestic ware with under glaze blue decoration was the principal output, but by 1760 the making of more ambitious pieces of high quality, both as regards shape and coloring, was being carried on. Shortly before, the process of decorating by the use of printed designs transferred to the article, transfer printing, had been introduced. The finely engraved designs, many of them adapted by Robert Hancock from the work of French and English artists of the time, were printed effectively in over-glaze colors of black, lilac or red. Soon, it was found possible to print in under glaze blue, and a large amount decorated in this manner was made and sold in the next twenty years.

About 1769, when it is believed some of the redundant Chelsea painters were given employment at Worcester, a style of painting in panels on a colored ground was initiated. The grounds used are a plain dark blue, a dark blue in the form of overlapping scales known as scale-blue, red and yellow in the same manner, a rich apple green, a plain yellow and a plain sky blue. AH these grounds were enriched further with gilt patterns as well as designs of figures in costume, exotic birds or bouquets of flowers; a display of them makes it clear why they have been famous for so long, and why they are expensive today.

For a short period about 1770, figures were made at Worcester, but although they are painted in typical Worcester colors they are stiff and unnatural in appearance and it is assumed that they were not a success at the time. They are very rare, and have been identified only recently after masquerading as the work of other factories for nearly two hundred years.

Worcester china, marked or unmarked, is remarkable for its slightly grey appearance and for the fact that the glaze shrinks away at the edges; particularly on the insides of the foot-rims of plates, cups, and similarly constructed pieces. This feature has never been imitated successfully, in spite of the fact that Worcester was much copied at the time it was made, and has continued to be faked ever since.

In 1783 the factory was bought by Thomas Flight and managed by his sons, a visit was paid to it shortly by King George III and Queen Charlotte, and a complete change in the style of ware began to take place. The new productions were of simple shapes, but very finely painted in the manner of miniatures. Popular subjects were groups of feathers or seashells carefully painted in natural colors. The china itself was highly glazed and often modeled with borders of 'pearls', left white or heavily gilt. On the death of one of Flight's sons in 1791 Martin Barr became a partner, and the firm became Flight and Barr; other changes involving the style of the firm took place in 1807 and 1813.

Many artists were employed to give the wares new and different looks. Many Chelsea painters were given employment at Worcester. This gave birth to new style again in porcelain paintings. However Worcester china were the most remarkable porcelain of those times. The Worcester factory was bought by Thomas Flight, which changes the styles of the wares made in the factory completely. Later on the factory was called Flight and Barr after Martin Barr became the partner of the business.
About the Author
Mitch Johnson is a regular writer for http://www.kids-games-n-crafts.com/ , http://www.interactivecrafts.info/ , http://www.bathroomaccessoriesmadeeasy.info/
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