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Introduction to Physical Therapy - Lower Back Pain and Physiotherapic Assistance

Jul 2, 2008
Americans have lower back problems to such an extent that at least 80% of the population have complained of it at one point of the other. It is the most common reason for a visit to the doctor. Although for some it is a temporary issue, most require physiotherapy to restore their fitness.

There are different techniques in use to address lower back trouble. One of the popular methods of treatment is acupuncture. The patient is made to lie face-down while the doctor inserts acupuncture needles on the back. The doctor subsequently finished the required procedure. A series of treatments like this usually provide relief for several months afterwards.

Massages are also useful when treating lower back pain. However only someone who has intimate knowledge of lower back pain should carry out this procedure. An untrained masseur can harm the patient more than no treatment at all.

Such therapies are known as modalities or passive therapy. Here the patient is the passive receiver of the treatment and not an active participant in exercise. Hot and cold compresses are also popular forms of passive therapy. These can be used as separate compresses, but for some one with an acute problem they can be used in conjunction as alternate compresses.

Another modality used for lumbar pain is known as a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (TENS). With the use of this unit, the patient doesn't feel any pain but only the sensations that the stimulator induces in his nerves. If this treatment produces positive results, the patient is given a unit to use as his needs dictate in the convenience of his home.

Another passive therapy of some use to a patient with acute lumbar pain is ultrasound stimulation. This process generates heat in the lower back region which along with lessening the pain also quickens the healing process.

Exercises assigned by a physiotherapist are also useful. If done correctly and regularly they alleviate lumbar pain speedily. However, in case of a back condition which involves acute pain or the possibility of surgery exercises are not advisable.

A physiotherapist is the best person to assign exercises and supervise the progress of a patient. Although exercises may be done at home, it is imperative to be faithful to the instructions given and come in for regular progress checks.

Exercises are given to both strengthen the lower back as well as to stretch the back in cases of patients suffering from lower back pain. Stationary swimming-like movements are a common exercise. While this exercise works the back muscles, it protects the lumbar region from further injury.

Flexion exercises are given to strengthen the middle region of the back so that it can support the back better. If the pain is aggravated by standing up or walking around, such exercises are necessary. One such exercise is a knee-chest exercise.

Aerobic exercises are also excellent for alleviating and preventing pain in the lumbar region. These are exercises such as walking or running. Massages and acupuncture procedures also relieve the patient of acute pain. Physiotherapy, all in all, helps millions of people around the world reduce and prevent their lower back problems.
About the Author
Discover more about physiotherapy assessment as well as ways to curb lower back pain when you visit http://www.physicaltherapymethods.com, online resources for free physical therapy treatments
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