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Know About Acne

Jul 3, 2008
Acne is a skin disease that causes inflammation. Pimples are formed in the skin of the person whose is affected by acne. Teenagers are found to be infected by acne and it mostly occurs at the initial stages of puberty. Some people suffer from acne even during their adult ages. But mostly, acne gets cured by itself after the teenage. But there is no general rule that acne will go away in the later adulthood. Hence t is advised to take treatments for curing acne.

The wounds in the hair follicle cells combined with the sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands lead to acne. When not treated at the proper time acne spreads in the entire area of the skin. The wounds or enlargements leading to acne are caused by bacteria called propioibacterium acnes. The sebaceous glands secrete oily substance and this is secreted more for people at the puberty stages. This sebum helps the bacteria to multiply and this causes the rupture of dermis layer of the skin which results in formation of pimple.

The formations of pimples are the symptoms of acne. The pimples appear in the face, shoulder or the neck. The area of the skin infected by acne and the intensity of the pustules are dependent on the individual. For most of the people reddish pimples are formed and they go away with time. The infection that is caused is mild in these cases. But for certain people the pimples spread to the nearer areas. The swellings become large for people seriously affected with acne and these pustules are filled with transparent fluid. The infection spreads to those areas that come in contact with this fluid.

The causes of acne are different for different people. It is necessary to find out the causes to treat the pimples. For most adolescent people, the secretion of hormones results in acne. At the stages of puberty, people suffer from abnormality in the hormones that are secreted. For men, androgen secretion increases leading to increase in the sebum secretion by the sebaceous glands. This is favorable for the developments of bacteria leading to acne.

The formation of pimples is directly related to the production of hormones. When people suffer from stress, the hormones are secreted more. This also causes pimples. For some people, the sebaceous glands may be overactive in general. If the adrenal glands secrete more hormones due to some reason, the sebaceous glands will be stimulated leading to the formation of pustules. In some cases, the bacteria blocks the skin pores and the swellings are formed as the skin does not breathe in those areas. In certain other cases, pustules are formed by the accumulation of dead cells. The frequent use of anabolic steroids also leads to the formation of cysts in skin as the steroids induce the hormone secretion.

Acne is caused in many adults as they expose their skin to chemical agents. The skin is the highly sensitive portion of the body and when it is exposed to toxins, pimples are formed immediately. Some people may stay in sun for a long time which causes sun burns leading to acne. The face has to be washed often to remove the dirt and grease which helps for the multiplication of bacteria. Acne is found is people who don't take proper care for their skin.

Acne is treated by applying ointments and gels on the affected area. Generally, it is not possible to prevent the appearance of pimples in most of the people. But once they get pimples, they can be cured and further infection can be stopped. Many products are available in the market for treating acne and they have to be applied continuously for more than two weeks to treat acne. Certain products are effective in only certain areas of the skin. Whatever may be the reason for the formation of pustules, these products must be applied to prevent the spreading of infection.

Acne can be prevented when care is taken for the skin. The sebum secreted by sebaceous glands combined with dirt in the skin will cause pustules. To prevent the dirt from getting accumulated it is essential to wash the skin regularly with a good face wash. The exposure to sun light should be minimized to prevent the settling of dirt. Intense sunlight will surely damage your skin causing more sweat which results in the formation of pimples. The appearance of pimples is a symptom of acne. Most young adults have the habit of scratching the pimples which will spread the infection. The fluid within the pustules will form infection in the other areas due to scratching.

It is vital to understand the causes of acne. For teenagers, the hormonal secretion is induced in the puberty stages. The adrenal glands secrete hormones which activate the sebaceous glands. These types of causes cannot be avoided as it happens within the body. But people can take steps to reduce stress in their minds which is also responsible for acne. People who eat fatty foods are also affected by acne as the oils in the food stimulate sebaceous glands.

The treatments for acne lead to irregularities in the skin. The pimples may be cured but in most of the cases they leave scars which are undesirable. The latest technology uses laser treatments and blue light therapy that will cure the pimples without scars. But it is not possible to use these latest therapies for all skin types. Depending on the individuals, the treatments vary but for most, the original skin is lost.

The best way is to prevent acne from affecting your skin. This depends on the care you take for the skin and also on the lifestyle. When you see a pimple in your skin, stop taking fried items so that your sebaceous glands are not over activated. People who suffer from obesity also suffer from acne. Take nutritional balanced diet and exercise regularly to dissolve the extra fat in the body. This will regularize your hormones and will prevent acne.
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