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Important Facts About Planting And Transplanting Trees

Jul 19, 2008
Trees can sometimes prove to be an expensive, but glorious, addition to a garden. It is therefore vitally important that you follow the guidelines below when planting or transplanting trees. Although trees can outlive several generations of your family they can only do this if they are looked after well. The article below gives a few hints and tips on how to plant and transplant trees successfully.

The roots of trees play two incredibly important roles. Firstly the larger thicker roots ensure that it stays in place and, secondly, the smaller fibrous roots are those that provide all the water and nutrients (extracted from the soil around it) that trees need to grow well. It is therefore immensely important that you take great care not to damage any of the roots while planting or transplanting a tree.

It's great fun browsing through nursery catalogs and it is easy to be swayed into buying trees that we know little about just because they look spectacular. However this could prove fatal to your garden in the years to come. Trees grow to reach all different heights and spreads, when they reach maturity, and many gardeners find that they have bought a tree that quickly grows to become too large for the garden and a nightmare to remove. Always check the size a tree could reach when mature before you buy.

The modern gardener has many advantages and the most important are those developed in the laboratory. There are a number of sprays, powders and gels available today that are simply amazing. One of the most useful, when planting and transplanting trees, is the wilt-proof spray which can stop leaf drop and reduce wilting. Another fine product is the root growth hormone which increases the rate of root growth in trees.

The products mentioned above work great at reducing moisture loss and ensuring that trees are able to fend for themselves as quickly as possible. However all your efforts could be wasted if you do not take the time to inspect trees closely before you buy them. Make sure that there is a large root ball and that it is strong, healthy and free from disease. Other signs of disease could show up in the leaves so take a close look (if there are any as it is best to transplant trees while they are dormant).

Trees do not like being out of the ground for too long so it is important that you are fully prepared before you start to plant or transplant them. Trees need plenty of water during their growing period but also when they are being planted. Therefore collect plenty of rainwater at the earliest opportunity. Although rainwater is best you can use ordinary tap water but it should be left in buckets for a few hours before use as this will allow all the chlorine present to evaporate.

Only now can you really get started. Planting and transplanting trees is pretty easy. Simply dig a hole in the ground where you want it to go and make sure that there is a gap of around 1 foot around the root ball. Loosen the soil at the bottom as much as you can and mix in some compost, peat or quality loam. If you really must add manure only use a very small amount and mix it in well, better still mix in a small amount of bone meal (rotting material can burn the roots).

You are now almost ready to add your tree but first pour in plenty of water into the hole and wait for it to drain. Then you can add your tree and fill the hole to about 2 thirds full with soil. Again flood the hole and let it all drain away. You can then top up the hole with loose loam making sure, with a trowel, that there are no air pockets and that's the job done. By following this advice you should, within a short period of time, see all your trees growing strongly.
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