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Diamond Ratings And The Four Cs

Jul 24, 2008
If you admire diamonds, then you need to know diamond quality so that you can judge whether or not you're making a good diamond purchase and are being charged fairly for it. Most basically, you need to understand the four Cs. These include cut, color, clarity, and carat.

You have to examine a diamond carefully if you want to tell what its quality is. After you purchase a diamond, you'll also need to take care of it to maintain its beauty and quality.

Diamond Cut

The diamond cut is comprised of two particular qualities that make up its appearance: its make and shape. A diamond's shape depends somewhat on its original form, of course, but a round brilliant cut is considered most desirable. This type of cut is made with 58 facets, which gives a diamond its most brilliant look. Marquees, princess and radiant cuts are also considered of higher value than other shapes.

A diamond cut's make determines the quality or craft of the workmanship performed. Therefore, if a diamond has a better make, it has better sparkle and fully brings out all of the diamond's best qualities. This heavily influences a diamond's beauty.

Diamond Color

Diamonds come in all sorts of colors, not just the common white we all tend to think of. Diamond color is categorized using an alphabetical list which ranges from the letters D through X, for white and yellow diamonds, such that D represents the whitest color and growing into fancy yellow color at S. Diamond colors E and F are generally admired for their excellence and beauty while J to M are regarded as desirable colors for larger diamonds. Diamonds treated with radiation are often found in green, pink, red, blue, and brown colors.

Diamond Clarity

Clarity is an important component to diamond quality. The most desirable diamonds are flawless or perfectly clear, both inside and on their surfaces. Next in quality are diamonds that are internally flawless, but that have some minor blemishes on the surface. If diamonds have inclusions so that they are less clear, or if the inclusions can be seen with the naked eye, they rank lowest on clarity scales.

Diamond Carat Size

Last but not least on the list is diamond carat weight. A carat measures the size of a diamond and of the four Cs on the diamond, it's considered last because the other three on the list are considered more important. Still, carat weight is also important because it plays a significant factor in diamond price.

Carats are usually measured in points. Therefore, one carat is given 100 points, while half a carat is given 50 points, and so on. This means that a diamond's price can vary greatly for as low as 5 to 10 points. That's why you must know just how big a diamond is in exact carats and therefore points.

If you measure the four Cs of diamond quality, you'll have no mystery when it comes to shopping for diamond jewelry. Best of all, you'll have the knowledge you need to make an informed buying decision so that you get the best quality diamond you can afford for the price.
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