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Ovarian Cysts Following The Menopause: Factors, Dangers And Solutions

Jul 28, 2008
Ovarian cysts can still occur after menopause even though this is less frequent than before. Women after menopause with an ovarian cyst that does not respond to conservative management may need to undergo an oophorectomy. In this case the ovaries are removed within a clinical bag so that the system cannot rupture inside the cavity of the peritonea. The recommendation for women after menopause is to take a sonography test for CA 125 using a transvaginal grayscale. Doppler scans, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are all less useful for system detection after menopause. The best solution to understand the situation with ovarian cysts is transvaginal ultrasound because of the increased sensitivity and detail with this method. Nonetheless, transabdominal assessment should be used for larger cysts.

After menopause, ovarian cysts are contracted by about 17 percent of women. No optimal management solution for cysts exists. Many cysts will be reabsorbed by themselves without major difficulty. Malignancy and ovarian cysts do not appear to have much correlation, but ovarian cancer is showing a disturbing rise in older women. Survival is statistically unlikely, if the cancer spreads beyond the ovary. To be completely sure it is necessary to do a full laparotomy and staging procedure, even though it is well to be suspicious of the possible malignancy of all ovarian cysts in women after the menopause. From a sample of 226 women recent research on post-menopausal ovarian cysts suggests that ovarian cysts that are smaller than 50mm in diameter are benign and can be treated with safe management involving regular monitoring of the cyst size and the CA 125 levels.

There are two main questions concerning ovarian cysts for women after menopause: what is the best management; and where the treatment should take place. A gynecologist generalist should be able to manage low-risk cases, but intermediate-risk cases should be referred to a cancer unit and those women who represent high-risk cases should go to a cancer center. Management changes should be revised accordingly when used with an index to determine malignancy risk. Measurement of CA 125 which is used in more than four out of every five studies is a typical test here. Usually a cutoff of 30 u/ml is used with test specificity of 75 percent and sensitivity of 81 percent. Using ultrasound has demonstrated 73 percent specificity and 89 percent sensitivity. To usefully evaluate ovarian cysts, Doppler sonography with color flow has also proven its worth. It is less effective in the evaluation of a tumor as benign or malignant to examine the cytological fluid from an ovarian cyst. In this case the sensitivity is only around 25 percent and the danger is greater that the cyst will break open.

The recommendation for women after the menopause when laparoscopic management of ovarian cysts is done is frequently not for cystectomy but in fact for oophorectomy. Trying to use ovarian cyst fluid for a cytological assessment is a common error when trying to evaluate system malignancy. The accuracy factor is only 25 percent with an increased risk of cyst rupture. The higher risk malignancy index indicates all ovarian cysts suspected of malignancy in post-menopausal women. If laparoscopy indicates suspicious clinical evidence, then a full laparotomy and subsequent staging procedures are to be employed. A certified surgeon within a cancer center team that is multidisciplinary is required. For this reason, it may be said that aspiration does not have a role to play after menopause for asymptomatic ovarian cysts management. Notwithstanding, it might still form a part of the pre-surgical management together with laparoscopy and laparotomy. The incision under extension of the midline should include the cytology in the form of ascite washings, laparotomy that is well documented, and biopsies from adhesion and areas that are suspect. It should also include infra-colic omentectomy as well as BSO and TAH. In the case of a malignant cyst, this may have grave repercussions on the probability of survival of the patient.

Similar to a number of other chronic complaints, ovarian cysts after menopause are not caused by one factor only. Conventional medicine that only acts on a particular symptom will therefore not be successful in curing ovarian cysts. Several factors need to be treated in the formation of an ovarian cyst. Some of these are directly responsible for the generation of such cysts, whereas others will act to worsen cysts that already exist. A primary cause might perhaps be dealt with by conventional medicine, but the indirect factors will remain and cause complications. A holistic program is the only possibility to fully relieve yourself from ovarian cysts after menopause. The treatment needs to be multi-dimensional because of the multiple factors involved in ovarian cysts. This is the only way of getting to the underlying problems and eliminating cysts forever.
About the Author
Mary Parker is an author of the best-selling e-book, "Ovarian Cysts No More- The Secrets Of Curing Ovarian Cysts Holistically ". To Learn More About Her Unique 3-Step Holistic Ovarian Cysts Cure System Visit: Ovarian Cysts No More . For further information visit: Post Menopausal Ovarian Cysts
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