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Don't Set Up Your LLC in Nevada or Delaware

Jul 31, 2008
When I am asked where's the best place to set up an LLC or corporation, my usual answer is in the state where you intend to conduct most of your business or where you have an office or business presence. In other words, your home state.

If you set up an LLC in a different state than the one you are conducting most of your business in, you will likely be required to file an application as a foreign LLC or foreign corporation (meaning from another state) in any other state where you conduct substantial business or have substantial business contacts.

For example, if you form an LLC in Nevada but your business office is in Oregon and you conduct most of your business in Oregon, you will likely have to file and pay fees in Oregon as a foreign LLC doing business in Oregon, in addition to filing and paying fees in Nevada.

This dual filing can be expensive and can result in substantially more record keeping which may outweigh any potential advantages. Some larger LLC's and corporations are registered as foreign entities in every state but this is expensive and time consuming for most small businesses.

Occasionally, there may be a valid reason for setting up an LLC or corporation in a state different than where you conduct business. There may be some special tax advantages or liability advantages in one state which are helpful to your special type of business. This requires some advanced research into the tax and liability laws of the state you want to use. Give your accountant or tax advisor a call and discuss this with them.

Most people are aware that Delaware and Nevada are promoted as the best places to set up a new LLC or corporation. My experience is that this is not necessarily true. Delaware may be a good state for larger companies but the costs and red tape of foreign state filings likely outweigh the advantages for smaller businesses. The same is true of Nevada.

For example, Nevada boasts no state income tax on corporations or LLC's. However, LLC's don't pay income tax anyway. They are considered pass through entities which means the LLC itself is not subject to federal or state income tax. Rather, the owners or members pay income tax on their pro rata share of the income. If you live and do business in a different state, you will likely have to pay income tax in that state.

In some states the members of an LLC will have to pay state income tax on their share of income from an LLC. However, there are other states which do not have state income tax but they often make up for the revenue with some other form of tax or assessment.

Nevada also boasts that it protects privacy because they do not share information with the IRS. Believe me, if the IRS wants information or records from a business, all they have to do is issue a subpoena and they get the information. I've seen it done. In addition, if you form a corporation in Nevada but then have to file as a foreign corporation or LLC in another state because you do business there, your information will be shared with the IRS anyway.

We all need to be aggressive about reducing taxes and saving money but I also believe in doing it honestly. If you are running a legitimate business and are properly filing tax returns, why should you be so intent on not having your information shared with the IRS anyway.

If your business provides services or products in many places, such as an internet based business, then you have more choices. However, even with an internet business, if you do substantial business in any particular state, you may still be required to register in that state as a foreign corporation or LLC.

In the end, the best practice for most smaller businesses is to form an LLC or corporation in your home state or in the state where you have the most business contacts or where you do most of your business This will likely save you some money.
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