Home » Arts and Entertainment

An Insight Into The Aegean Civilization

Aug 23, 2008
Out of the immediate military reach of the great empires of Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria and Persia lay the Aegean coast (now western Turkey), the Aegean islands and the valleys of the hilly Greek peninsula beyond. The communities here developed their own small economies and benefited from the cultural and technological advances of the big empires while remaining politically independent.

The island of Crete had a flourishing Bronze Age civilization as early as 2000 BC, probably as a result of its position on the sea route between the wheat-producing lands on the Black Sea and Egypt. Cretan (sometimes also known as Minoan) art was both decorative and elegant, and flourished until around 1400 BC. Unlike the art of the old empires, which was primarily religious or political and concerned with glorifying the gods and the rulers, it focused on the decorative forms of nature in the form of graceful athletes and dancers. Although there were strong religious elements in the work, artists seemed preoccupied with the creation of beauty for its own sake rather than religion.

Cretan architecture, with its air of stylish luxury, gives the same impression. It remained as a characteristic of the Classical architecture which flourished round the shores and islands of the Aegean in the succeeding age. From around 1400 BC the mainland states were under the control of the Mycenaeans, who created an architecture that was both monumental and sophisticated, and which showed great engineering skill. Their work was a forerunner of Greek Classical architecture.

The continuity of architectural development in the Aegean was interrupted by a series of catastrophes. Crete vanished as the dominant power, perhaps partly the result of earthquakes, and waves of invasions by peoples from the north followed. The invaders, who established themselves in central Greece, were known as the Dorians while on the peninsula of Attica (the state of Athens), on the islands and on the Turkish coast, the original inhabitants, known as Ionians, generally prevailed. They all spoke Greek, worshipped the same gods and participated in the development of an Iron Age culture which in the succeeding centuries produced Classical art and architecture.

By the 6th century BC, just across the Aegean in central Italy, the Etruscans were producing architecture in some ways similar to the Dorian, or Doric, builders of central Greece. Building largely in wood and baked clay, using stone only for foundations, their temples possessed individual features which were to contribute in the future to the essential character of Roman, as distinct from Greek, architecture. The Etruscans used the arch freely and their temples were built to be seen from the front only: a form that was less sculptural than that of Classical Greek architecture but more dramatic. This distinction between the architecture of the Greek and Italian peninsulas remained into the centuries that followed.
About the Author
Famous Architect help you to understand more about the life and amazing works of particular world famous architect such as Frank Lloyd Wright
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 172
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources