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Basic Guide To New Antidepressants

Aug 29, 2008
The antidepressants are commonly the practice as a psychiatric medication. It is normally consumed to reduce clinical depression or dysthymia known as a milder depression.

There are many noteworthy antidepressants like MAOIs, tricycles and also the SSRIs which are the recent developments from the pharmaceutical industries. These medications are now become very common that are usually recommended by the psychiatrists and normal users.

The effects of these medications positive as well as negative are the issues of several experiments and participating claims. Antidepressants are generally consumed as a course following continuing weeks, months or years. They have a setback at the commencement of the therapeutic practice.

The antidepressants are not the drugs which are produced from the pharmaceutical companies and it is also the part and parcel from stimulants. The antidepressants are presently known as lifestyle drugs and very often called as mood brighteners.

New antidepressants
The following are the several new antidepressants that help in the treatment of persons suffering from depression:

SSRIs: the SSRIs function by slowing down the serotonin reuptake. The SSRIs are regarded as one of the famous, efficient and harmless prescription medications. SSRIs is the recent prescription drug for curing depression consisting of citalopram (celexa), escitalopram oxalate (lexapro), fluxetine (Prozac, Prozac weekly, Sarafem), paroxetine (Paxil, Paxil CR), and sertraline (Zoloft). Citolopram, a chiral compound includes serotonin reuptake reducing activity in the S-enantiomer. Escitalprom, the S-enantiomer of citalopram has verified antidepressant functions in animal models.

Prozac has been proved as one of the efficient medication in providing relief to the people suffering from depression and also avoiding suicides. Compared to TCAs and MAOIs, Prozac is very effective treatment with prospective side effects. Paroxetine shows evidence with anti-cholinergic effect and hence sources to sedation. Zoloft consists of very small amount of drug interactions. However, it exhibits side effects resulting into diarrhea and male sexual dysfunction.

SNRIs: the SNRIs is the recent development belonging to antidepressant medication. The presently obtainable are desipramine, duloxetine, nefazodone and venlafaxine. SNRIs maintain serotonin as well as norepinephrine at the balanced level to lessen depressive symptoms. Nefazodone reduces anxiety, causes sedation and optimistically disturbs the sleeping schedule. Venlafaxine also known as Effexor has strong anticholinergic effects such as dry mouth, blurred vision, urinary hesitancy and constipation which results into sedation and contains possible withdrawal consequences.

Bupropin: it is also known as Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR which is the usual member of the novel antidepressant group. The bupropin is very distinctive in its effectivity to restrain the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. Reuptake decreases the function of feel-good brain chemicals.

Maprotiline and mirtazapine commonly known as Ludiomil and Remeron are considered as two most efficient drugs from the category of tetracyclic antidepressants. It functions by developing large amount of noradrenaline and serotonin. It is helpful in the treatment of depressions consisting of anxiety, agitation and sleep disorders.

The new antidepressants developed by the industries are of great importance to the people suffering from antidepressants depending upon the history of an individual's illness and severity. Normally, doctors give suggestions to their patients to consume particular type of drug which is suitable to an individual and to its sickness.
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