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What Are The Causes of Ovarian Cysts?

Sep 15, 2008
There are many different causes of ovarian cysts. Under the normal menstrual cycle, ovaries grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. These follicles produce hormones necessary for pregnancy such as estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cysts can form when a normal follicle continues to grow for an abnormal period of time.

Follicular cysts are the most common type of cysts. They are usually harmless, rarely cause any symptoms and usually disappear on their own. Normal causes of ovarian cysts affecting the follicles take place when the pituitary gland releases hormones to trigger the release of an egg which in fact does not occur. Instead, the follicle continues to grow and develops into a cyst.

Frequent causes of ovarian cysts occur when luteinizing hormones surge and an egg is release. When the egg is released, estrogen and progesterone are created by the ruptured follicle to prepare for the hypothetical conception. When the egg is sealed off, fluid accumulates inside the follicle and becomes what is called a corpus luteum. The corpus luteum will then expand and at that point becomes a cyst.

Most times a Corpus luteum cyst will usually disappear on it's own without any treatment within a few weeks. Although in just a few weeks time, it can grow quite quickly and increase in size to up to 4 inches in diameter. When the cysts becomes this large, hemorrhaging and twisting of the ovary can potentially occur. Resulting in sever pelvic pain and abdominal pain. If the corpus luetum cysts hemorrhages it can rupture, causing very severe pain and internal bleeding.

Clomiphene citrate, a commonly prescribed fertility drug to induce ovulation, might be a cause of ovarian cysts. Usage of this drug may result in an increased risk that a corpus luteum cyst might develop. Corpus luteum cysts by themselves do not pose a risk to pregnancy.

A cyst that contains blood is classified as a hemorrhagic or endometrioid cyst. These cysts develop like other cysts, only that they contain blood. The presence of blood could be due to and injury or from the surrounding blood vessels leaking through into the egg sac. Endometrioid cysts are caused by the bleeding and shedding of endometrioid tissue embedding itself into the ovaries. The build up of blood will eventually rupture, causing severe pelvic pain.

While you can't prevent the actual causes of ovarian cysts from occurring, certain steps can be taken to improve your overall health. Increasing exercise, controlling stress, improving your diet, and regular checkups with your gynecologist can all help reduce the chances of developing ovarian cysts.
About the Author
Minimize the development of ovarian cysts by knowing what are the causes of ovarian cysts. Read more about the causes of ovarian cysts along with many other ovarian cyst articles at http://ovariancystfacts.com/
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