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Purposes Of Various Medications Used In Alcohol Treatment In Vermont

Sep 16, 2008
On one hand, the holistic programs have become quite popular for alcohol treatment in Vermont, but on the other hand, the conventional treatment programs that use medications and other qualified techniques are going quite strong too. Different kinds of addictions have different forms of medications but their purposes are almost the same. Let us take a look at the purposes of some of these medicinal therapies that are used so profusely in the alcohol treatment in Vermont.

Helping the Person to Keep Abstinent from Alcohol

This is the primary purpose of most forms of medication that are used for alcohol treatment in Vermont. Most of these medications will work by creating a dislike for alcohol in the mind of the patient. They will work in a completely different manner on the body than alcohol does, i.e. when alcohol produces a feeling of false felicity in the person, the medication will produce an uncomfortable reaction in the person. In time, this uncomfortable reaction becomes overwhelming for the person and they will not want to consume alcohol any more.

A very good example of this medication is Antabuse. Antabuse is actually disulfiram which is an acetaldehyde retaining agent. When this substance is introduced in the body, the person will find the discomforting effects of acetaldehyde in the body, which is responsible for causing the alcohol withdrawal. Hence, whenever the person takes in alcohol during the administration of Antabuse, he or she will experience magnified effects of the alcohol and will eventually not want to consume it at all.

Another example of such a medication is Naltrexone. Naltrexone is used directly to reduce the urges that a person experiences for consuming alcohol. When the substance is introduced into the body of the patient, there is a decrease in the craving for alcohol because the substance reduces the amount of endorphins in the body which are responsible for keeping the patient within the addiction. Another medication that acts in the same manner as Naltrexone is Vivitrol that is also used for reducing the amount of alcohol dependency in the person.

Normalizing the Patient's Physical Constitution after the Withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal can bring on a lot of problems in the body of the person. It is not just about experiencing some physical symptoms and then coming out of those. There are some definite changes that occur in the person's body when he or she is made to abstain from alcohol. When the person consumes alcohol for several years, there are certain chemical changes that occur in the brain (in fact, these are the changes that keep the person with the addiction). Now, when the person is put into a detox program where he or she has to abstain from the substance, these chemical balances are disrupted.

There are some medications like acamprosate that are used in stabilizing these balances within the central nervous system. This is quite important if the person has to revert to a life of normalcy where the addiction will not be the mainstay of the person. Acamprosate was approved by the FDA in 2004, and since then it is available under the brand name of Campral.

Reducing the Usage of Alcohol

In some cases, it becomes necessary to first make the person cut down on the usage of alcohol. If a person has been drinking quite heavily, it is not advisable to put them into a detoxification program right away even if their physical and mental condition indicates that they are suitable for going through the treatment. The method employed here is to first allow the patients to lessen the amount of alcohol they consume, and when this usage becomes manageable, then to put them on detoxification.

One of the drugs that can help do this is topiramate. This substance is sold under the brand name Topamax. When a person is put on this treatment, the main effect is that of reducing the dependency on the substance. Resultantly, the person finds that he or she can do well with a lowered amount of alcohol in their body. Topiramate is quite capable in mitigating a person's dependency; it has been found that trace amounts of topiramate in the body can also help reduce a patient's alcohol usage significant. People are made to stay on a topiramate medication for about a month, and when their alcohol consumption is reduced, they are put on the detoxification treatment.

Hence, there are different medications that are used in alcohol treatment in Vermont, all with different actions on the body. But, they are required to bring the patient back from a complete dependency to a life of addiction freedom.
About the Author
You can read more articles like this one on alcohol treatment in Vermont by visiting http://www.floridadrugrehab.net/vermont.
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