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Persian Rugs Don't Always Come From Persia

Aug 17, 2007
The finest rugs are generally the ones which are hand woven and knitted and are superior in quality and fineness to the machine made ones. The fineness of these hand-woven rugs depends on the number of knots. The pattern and designs of the hand made rugs differ based on the regions they are made in. Different cities, villages and tribes have their own designs or patterns which are used as a trademark of their work. The imitated and plagiarized work of the trademarked designer rugs often lack in quality and finer details when compared to the originals.

An expert in the field of rug scrutiny can easily ascertain the origin of the rug by examining its design. Persian rugs differ significantly on the basis of the regional style of their weaving. In Iran there are two types of rug classifications - the ones made by nomads or rural inhabitants are called the tribal rugs whereas the ones made in the cities by experts are termed as city rugs. Although the city rugs are woven by trained experts the tribal rugs often come in astonishing colors due to the type of wool and natural vegetable dyes (superior to chemical or chrome dyes used in cities) used as the constituent materials. Not always do the rugs hail from the cities by which they are identified. For instance, the finest rugs woven in Mashad, the holy city is known as Moods (known for excellence in fineness of weaving) although it isn't knitted in the nearby town of Mood.

Persian rugs are distinguished by their quality and designs. The quality comes from the superior wool or silk and the dyes used - natural or synthetic. The other most crucial matter for consideration is the fineness in the knotting of the rug. The finer rugs are known to have a higher rating of knot count, that is, a high number of knots per inch of the rug.

The design or the pattern used in the rug is checked for its accuracy and symmetry throughout the piece. The types of designs used in the rugs vary according to the region where it is made. Though the quality depends on the accuracy of the knitting, usually there are some imperfections found in the rugs which are deliberately done by the maker due to their regional and religious beliefs. In fact a fine Persian rug is known to contain some imperfection and this, in fact, gives them their authenticity. Owing to the belief that there can only be one perfectionist in this world - God, a well-known saying goes about Persian rugs: "A Persian Rug is Perfectly Imperfect and Precisely Imprecise".

Persian rugs come in all possible sizes to cater to the needs of all sections of buyers.
In Iran there are three popular sizes - seven by ten, eight by twelve and ten by thirteen feet. All these sizes are known by standard names in the country. Although smaller city markets have only a standard size, larger centers boast a range of sizes varying from smaller two by three foot mats to the size of the carpet area of a city block. From hallway and corridor runners measuring about five to thirty feet long, well established carpet manufacturers also offer perfectly round and oval rugs.
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