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Understanding Your Paintball Gun

Aug 17, 2007
If you are just getting started with paintball guns, it is a bit interesting to learn how they work as well as what they are. You may be planning on spending some of your time on the field playing the game that you love, but this information can help you to make the right decision when you decide to purchase your own gun. A paintball gun is, as you may know, the tool that you will use to mark your fellow player in a game of paintball. A paintball will come flying out of the chamber when you trigger it to. Most paintball guns work similar to a standard gun, but the details are much different.

Here are some bits of important information you should know about the paintball gun.

- Paintball guns use rapidly expanding gas. Usually it is CO2 or air. This gas will push the paintball out of the barrel.

- Most paintball guns range in velocity but the most common are those that have a muzzle velocity of about 300 feet per second.

- This amount of force is enough to break open the paintball when it hits its target. Yet, it is not hard enough to break the skin, rather only sufficient at doing some mild bruising at most.

- If you plan to play on a standard, commercial field, you will probably be restricted to a paintball gun that is at most the 300 feet per second type.

- One of the most significant and painful injuries that a paintball gun can cause is eye injury. Therefore, when playing you should always have on protective gear. The fact is that there are plenty of players that did not and now have blindness in that eye. Most paintball fields require it.

Many details needed to be looked at and understood when using and purchasing a paintball gun. You do not want to spend several hundred dollars on a gun that will not shoot straight.

There are several different variations of paintball gun hoppers. Most of the time, you will have a gun that is feed based on agitating, force feed or those that work with gravity. These methods are all unique. If you have an agitating or a force feed hopper you may find that your gun does not give you the security you need. These often fail in the worst of times. Most of the time this is caused by your paintball guns battery getting wet, which stops everything in its tracks. Yet, the good thing about these types of hoppers is that they offer the highest rate of fire possible, perhaps making up for their failings here.

Another thing that you need to take into consideration is your guns tank. The tank is the area of the gun that holds the compressed air that will eventually propel your paintball to your target. Therefore it is an essential element in the decision of which paintball gun to purchase.

Most tanks are filled with liquid CO2. They can also have compressed air in them. HPA is a term you may here. It stands for High Pressure Air or you may know it as nitro, as nitrogen is one of the main gases in air. The most standardized paintball guns will come with HPA or nitro tanks. Unless you are an occasional player with limited resources, you are probably going to want to use these choices.

You will also need to consider what kind of barrel to use. You can select from sizes ranging from 12 inches, 14 inches, 16 inches, 18 inches or 20 inches. You can have them custom made, if you are really looking for something specific. When you do this, you can have them as long as 48 inches. Most paintball enthusiasts will tell you that beyond 11 inches, you do not get a better efficiency from the barrel to warrant the larger size. Some feel the additional size adds to the sighting on the barrel. In addition, longer barrels are less noisy but longer than 16 inches offers no additional benefit here either. If you have a longer barrel, you will need more propellant.

You are likely to see manufacturers claiming about porting. Some claim that you will have less turbulence as well as increased accuracy with porting. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be much truth to these claims. In addition, the more porting that you have, the less efficient your paintball guns gas will be as your propellant is easily escaping.

Another aspect to take into consideration is the bore. This is the interior diameter of the barrel of your paintball gun. If you have a barrel that has two to three pieces, you will find that the barrel bore is more matched to the paintball diameter. When this is the case, the paintball will not roll out of the barrel if you have a larger barrel. This is important if you have an auto-cocker as well.

Finally, you need to take into consideration the threading of the paintball gun. You need to insure that the barrel threading matches the paintball gun specifically. Some of the common types of threads include autocockers, angels, shockers, sphyder, Tippmann, and Inpulse or Ion.

Which ever style or type of paintball gun you choose, please remember that safety should always come first. So always make sure you wear the proper protective clothing to deter injury. It is nothing but fun until someone looses an eye.
About the Author
Dennis J. Cole CEO of DJ & H Unlimited with a growing collection of E-Courses and a broad spectrum of Products to suit any need.
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