Home » Finance

Mortgages - How Lenders Work Out Affordability

Aug 17, 2007
If you are thinking about purchasing a property it is first important to know how much you can afford to borrow. Mortgage Lenders traditionally used income multiples to work out this amount.

If an applicant was earning 30,000 a year the lender would calculate that they could comfortably afford to borrow 3.5 x their income which is 105,000. If approached with a joint application, lenders would add the two incomes together say 30,000 and 16,000; this would make their total income 46,000. To work out how much the couple could borrow they would then multiply this figure by 2.5, this would make a total of 115,000.

However these affordability practices have now become outdated with house price inflation and low interest rates, these factors have made the cost of borrowing a mortgage cheaper.

Why The Practice Has Changed?

In the last few years mortgage lenders have started to offer larger amounts, they have increased the income multiples to for example 4 or 5 times salary. Since the property house price boom, this is often required to give buyers a chance of meeting market prices and seller expectations.

Repossession of property is currently at a historically low level and people have more disposable income making it easier to pay their mortgage. 50 percent of lenders now work out how you can borrow depending upon your ability to pay as opposed to the income multiple criteria discussed above.

This means that everyone applying for a loan is not assessed in the same way, the majority of lenders will be offered more money via this method, some however may not, for example single mothers.

How Affordability Is Calculated

Every lender has a different method for working out how much they are prepared to lend you. All of them will however ask for proof of income, number of dependents, other monthly commitments (credit cards, store cards, etc), and your essential household spend.

Interest rates will also affect your repayments. Unless you choose a fixed rate mortgage, which keep interest on the mortgage at a fixed rate. Interest rate rises can affect a borrowers ability to repay, so it is an important consideration when taken out a mortgage.

How To Avoid Get Into Problems

It is your responsibility to ensure that you do not borrow more than you can afford, banks and lenders obviously have precautions in place to protect their investment, interest rate fluctuations and other potential commitments have to be taken into consideration before taking out a mortgage that could leave you in trouble.

Check out some online mortgage calculators as this will lay out the figures clearly in front of you so you can consider your options.

If you are a first time buyer it is important to take into account some other outgoings such as buildings insurance, mortgage payment insurance, etc.

Read the Key Facts illustration from your lender or broker this will show you the difference interest rate rises or falls can make to your payments.

If you choose a fixed rate deal dont forget you may only be on a low rate for a short period of time after which time your rate can suddenly increase.
About the Author
James Copper enjoys writing on all areas of personal and commercial finance. He works for Any Loans who specialise in no credit check loans and homeowner loans.
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 138
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Acne
    • Aerobics
    • Alternative Medicine
    • Beauty
    • Cancer
    • Cosmetics
    • Depression
    • Diabetes
    • Diseases and Conditions
    • Fitness Equipment
    • Fitness
    • Hair Loss
    • Heart Disease
    • Medicine
    • Men's Health
    • Muscle Building
    • Nutrition
    • Skin Care
    • Supplements and Vitamins
    • Weight Loss
    • Women's Health
    • Yoga
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources