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What Is Combinatorial Chemistry?

Aug 17, 2007
Combinatorial chemistry has the greatest of potential to accelerate the drug discovery and the focus primarily has been very compelling to most companies in the pharmaceutical field. Almost every pharmaceutical company out there has some kind of such a department up and running in its laboratories.

In 1980, Mario Geysen started to synthesize peptides in large amounts; they were first parallel fashioned, then later mixtures. R. Bruce Merrifield hailing from the University Rockefeller in 1960, developed a technique classically known as synthesis solid phase, this became a key in production of proteins entirety and the enzymes over the last few decades. It is also basis for synthesis of solid phase organics explosion. Whereas, the diversity molecules could be shown to produce nearly an infinite type of organometallics, steroids, carbohydrates and heterocyclic, all the while attached by only one link reversible to support of suitable polymeric.

Combinatorial chemistry is a new original way of quickly synthesizing several substances at the exact same time. Organic chemists are the primary users of this sphere of chemistry, they are searching for a new drug and this chemistry is being applied to field like catalysts, superconductors, polymers and semiconductors.

Using the combchemistry makes it easier and less expensive to test and make many more of the compounds.

Over $400 million dollars is needed when developing a drug that is new and taking it to the market. Combinatorial chemistry lets these pharmaceutical companies achieve this in mere months as opposed to years.

Discoveries of new drug companies are being formed. This chemistry also helps in the clinical studies that these pharmaceutical companies are doing.

These ways of this kind of chemistry show high promise of the development of drugs to use as anticancer treatments, which is one of the largest killers of people to date.

All in all combinatorial chemistry is classified as being new in the field of chemistry, but it has concepts and its techniques are novel in the rapid succession and the screening of compounds in larger quantities.

Combinatorial chemistry is one of the areas of advancement for chemistry along with discovery of newer drugs. This chemistry utilizes parallel synthesis and techniques that will increase the thoroughfare to discovery.

An aspect which is crucial to combchemistry is that of identifying resulting compounds. A (MS) mass spectrometer will analyze the results for faster evaluation. These are made by Bruker, Waters, and Thermo Electron and Applied Biosystems manufacturers.

Once a library of these chemical compounds from the combinatorial chemistry has been established they are put into so called "libraries". Once a library has been established the company and chemists must work efficiently and very quickly in the screening of these compounds. This is made as a way for cell based assays to be ran functionally and accurate.

Combinatorial chemistry is a great tool used in the optimization of drugs today in the pharmaceutical world.
About the Author
Find out more about combinatorial chemistry and high throughput screening on Kevin Dark's new website.
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