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Mortgage Lending-A Few Facts To Start Down The Path To Home Ownership

Aug 25, 2007
From a loan standpoint there are, in general, three types of loans, a fixed rate mortgage, an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) or an interest-only loan. With an interest only loan, you are just paying the interest piece of your loan. In an adjustable rate mortgage, the interest rate is usually fixed for a specific length of time, after which it will periodically (for example, annually or monthly) adjust up or down to some market index. In a fixed rate mortgage, the interest rate, and subsequent periodic payment, stay unchanged for the life (or term) of the loan. For a fixed rate mortgage, payments for principal and interest should not change over the life of the loan, while ancillary costs (such as property taxes and insurance) can and do change. Your monthly cash flow, length of time you hope to living in the house and your general credit history will all factor in to the type and length of loan you should select.

In coming up with a home buyer's loan amount, interest rate and cash required, lenders will consider many factors. These factors, in turn, help lenders to calculate their apparent risk of the mortgage loan, that is, the likelihood that the financing will be repaid. None of us will totally comprehend the inner workings of a mortgage lender but plain and simple is the fact that mortgage loans are accessible for all types of homebuyers with all types of credit.

The term mortgage loan is the generic word for a loan secured by a mortgage on real property; the "mortgage" refers to the legal security, but the terms are often used interchangeably to refer to the mortgage loan. When making a mortgage loan for purchase of a property, lenders ordinarily require the borrower make a down payment, that is, contribute a percentage of the price of the house. In the past, the necessary amount, or percentage, of a down payment has been directly related to a person's credit history. However, 100% or more lending choices can be found in the mortgage lending space, even for those with a bad credit history.

Statistically, just about 25% of the people in the United States are part of the subprime category and while there is no formal credit profile that describes a subprime borrower, most in the United States have a credit score that is not more than 620. Subprime lending, also called near-prime, or second chance lending, is a broad term that refers to the practice of creating loans to borrowers who do not meet the requirements for the top market interest rates because of their poor credit history. The term "subprime" is in reference to the credit status of the borrower, not the interest rate on the loan itself. This lending is risky for both lenders and borrowers due to the blend of above average rates, inadequate credit history, and potentially suspect financial conditions often related with subprime applicants.

For borrowers who have exceptional credit and adequate debt positions, there may be next to no documentation of income or assets required at all. In approving mortgage loans, lenders in many markets rely on credit reports and credit scores derived from them. The bigger the number, the less of a financial risk the borrower is assumed to be. Life will tell you that everything in life has its price and mortgage lending is no different. Pretty much anyone can approve for a mortgage with the price tradeoff usually being a higher interest rate. Lenders are looking to lend as much money as possible, but are always looking to accept as little risk as possible.

Finding the money for your home is a necessary evil but taking that step to buying a new home should get you excited, not scare you. Mortgage loan rates are still at a level that offers you some very good options, making it a good time to buy a home. There is a web presence of highly regarded lenders who are looking to help you obtain a mortgage loan. Do a little research, get a few ideas from these lenders as to what you can qualify for, and then go out and buy your dream house.
About the Author
LoanTheMoney is a resource site for those considering mortgage loans or home equity loans. Visit us or check out our article directory for free article distribution.
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