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An Italian City State

Oct 9, 2007
San Marino is the only surviving Italian city-state. It proudly asserts its independence where possible. It is one-tenth the size of New York City and San Marino is surrounded by Italy. It is situated in the Apennines, a little inland from the Adriatic Sea.

The people born in San Marino remain citizens and can vote no matter where they live. It joined the United Nations in 1992.

The total area of the Republic of San Marino is 61.2 square kilometres. It is highest point is Monte Titano. San Marino is a separate republic, even if it is in the heart of Italy. They also have lower taxes than Italy and is tax free. The friendly people who are proud of their small country, and who are very willing to help the wayward tourist.

Changing of the guard ceremony is performed every hour on the half hour during the summer months. The Uniformed Guards of the Fortress perform honour service at the Palazzo Pubblico. The Guardia di Rocca guard, was originally founded in 1754, and currently has two departments. The Uniformed Guards and Artillery company. First serves to keep public order and guards the Country's borders, territory and its various institutional sites, second, to serves for national ceremonies and holidays.

The square in front of it is named Liberty and so is the statue, from the 19th century. The Palazzo Pubblico, or Government Palace, dates back from the 15th century, but was largely changed in the 19th century. There is a bronze statue of Saint Marinus perched in one corner. Stone blocks from Titano caves were used in its construction and the facade proudly shows the republic's coat of arms.

San Marino has some interesting ancient fortresses on the peak of Mount Titano. La Rocca, also known as the Guaita or First Tower, dates back to the 11th century, when it was carved out of the mountain and became an important guard tower in the citys defence. The highest of the three towers is the Cesta Second Tower, which contains the San Marino Museum of Antique Weapons and dates back to the 13th century. The final tower, Montale Third Tower, was also built in the 13th century and like La Rocca and Cesta, it became a prison in later years. La Rocca is the most impressive of the three towers, with a stunning bell tower and glorious views of the city and coastline from the top.
About the Author
Douglas Scott writes and works for The Car Hire Specialist. and is a free lance writer for The Italian Rental Site
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