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Socialization: Values And Norms

Oct 23, 2007
Socialization is inevitable process to invite a person to society, and this process has to be studies and understood in order to feel comfortable while living in society.

Education, culture origin and religion can be considered the key values and norms which influence human socialization.

For American society high education is the most important stage which gives the opportunity to play significant and adequate role in society and to realize personal aspirations. The significant social role determines and develops personal self-identity and equal interaction which insure society welfare and harmony. Moreover, it also allocates person in well-provided economic groups insuring his family financial independence and comfort. The statistics shows that family income of those who have good knowledge of English is much higher among minorities: 82 per cent comparing with 68 per cent of families where English level is low. This statistics is closely connected with data of minorities employment. 60 per cent of adults with low English level can find a good job comparing with 67 per cent of good English-speaking people. Moreover, there is a significant difference in jobs rank (position and wage accordingly): the majority of poor English-speaking adults can find just low-wage job with low positions such as operator/fabricator. Thus, the percentage of persons with high living standards is greatly influenced by knowledge of English in America. The higher knowledge results more positive and successful implementation of social roles among minorities. The choice of this research focused on minorities is not occasional.

Minorities always suffer from native inhabitants' resistance to accept them in society at all. But the largest resistance occurs when minorities try to occupy positions equal to native inhabitants ones. The socially adopted value of equality is greatly resisted in practice. The reason is not because equality declaration is a big lie and illusion. The real origin of such resistance is human natural feature of non-acceptance of something new. Therefore, the natural origin of such behavior makes resistance very constant and insurmountable. In such situation taking adequate and independent place in society becomes almost unrealizable for those who suffer from resistance.

Religion is the one of the oldest agencies of socialization and, therefore, can play very considerable role in personal formation as sociable unit. The deep historical roots of religion feature its versatile influence including politics, economy and social life. Religious agencies of socialization are the following: churches, sects, cults and denominations. While churches can cause social changes in large human groups, sects, cults and denominations work with small groups and do not extend their influence beyond is close society. One of the most felicitous examples of religious agency influence on social change is Islamic Fundamentalism. This movement appears as the resistance reaction to globalization which features Western integration and is considered to be real threat to Islamic religion. The importance of this movement for Islamists lies in significant role of religion in Islamic society and politics. The globalization is evaluated as Western attempts to eliminate values and norms existed in Central Asian societies. In case of Islamic Fundamentalism values of Asian world were constantly strengthened with growing resistance to accept some of Western values. Such processes evoked more active demonstration of difference between West and Islamic world and encouraged Islamic people to defend their values. Generally it is human natural feature to defend original values for self-identity, independence and freedom. But for Islamic world it has negative specification: they see the only possible and effective way to defend in war fighting and physical destruction of dissenters. Thus, the Islamic Fundamentalism became real threat for the United States since 11th of September when thousands of American people were killed without any reasons. Not just Islamic world bore considerable changes caused by religious movement reinforcement; these changes led to strong and irretrievable changes in American society. First, the destruction of myth of American invulnerability made people change their minds and, as a result, change their values, social roles and even status.
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