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Top Currencies In Forex Trading

Aug 17, 2007
First what is Forex: The FOREX or Foreign Exchange market is the largest financial market in the world, with an volume of more than $1.5 trillion daily, dealing in currencies. Unlike other financial markets, the Forex market has no physical location, no central exchange. It operates through an electronic network of banks, corporations and individuals trading one currency for another.

The Forex, or foreign currency exchange, is all about money. Money from all over the world is bought, sold and traded. On the Forex, anyone can buy and sell currency and with possibly come out ahead in the end. When dealing with the foreign currency exchange, it is possible to buy the currency of one country, sell it and make a profit. For example, a broker might buy a Japanese yen when the yen to dollar ratio increases, then sell the yens and buy back American dollars for a profit.

Prices of currency are influenced by a number of factors such as political and economic conditions in the issuing country. Interest rates, inflation and political stability are all factors in the prices of a currency. Governments try to control their currency prices by lowering the price (flooding the market), or by raising the price and buying on a large-scale. Although the volume of Forex is sizable, it's still impossible to have any control of a market for any length time and because market forces normally prevail in the long run, Forex has become one of the fairest investment opportunities available.

Each currency in the Forex market is given its own three letter code that is used in the Forex quotes. The most common and widely used currencies used in the Forex market are USD (U.S. dollars), GBP (United Kingdom pounds), JPY (Japanese yen), CAD (Canadian dollars), EUR (European euros), AUD (Australian dollars) and CHF (Swiss francs). These currencies are the top foreign currencies to watch in the Forex trading game. The prices of the foreign currency exchanges are specified in pairs by the forex quotes. By using a currency pair of U.S. dollars and European euros in the example below, the first currency is called the base (which is always at 1) and the second currency is called the quote (which shows how much it costs to buy one unit of the USD, or base currency):
USD/EUR = 0.8419. When reversed, this is the cost of USD to buy one euro: EUR/USD = 1.1882.

The base currency is growing stronger when the price of the quote currency goes up, therefore only one unit of the base currency can buy more of the quote currency. However, if the quote currency begins to fall then the base currency will become weaker. All forex quotes are perceived as a "ask" or a "bid" price. The ask price is what sellers will sell the base currency at, while at the same time be buying the quote currency. The bid price is what the buyers will pay for the base currency, also while selling the quote currency. For example, a symbol bid ask of:USD/CAD 1.2392 1.2397. This shows that you can buy one U.S. dollar for 1.2397 Canadian dollars, or you can also sell one U.S. dollar for 1.2392 Canadian dollars. You can find the exchange rates in cross country charts that list numerous types of currencies with their values against one another. There are also currency conversion calculators, all of which are readily available online.

Along with the U.S. dollar, United Kingdom pound, Japanese yen, Canadian dollars, European euros, Australian dollars and Swiss francs as some of the top currencies to watch in the forex trading game; some new currencies have been emerging. Be sure to keep an eye out on these emerging currencies: CNY (China yuan), CZK (Czech koruna), HKD (Hong Kong dollar), HUF (Hungarian Forint), INR (Indian Rupee), KRW (Korean Won), MXN (Mexican Peso), PLN (Polish Zloty), SGD (Singapore dollar), ZAR (South African Rand), and THB (Thai Baht). These currencies may not be one of the top currencies now, but they can make for some good investments. Taking two examples out of all of the emerging currencies:

The Czech koruna is a convertible, yet free floating currency that has been floating around since May 1997. All foreign investors have unrestricted access to these local markets. London banks continue to be very active in currency trading and accounts for nearly 60% of the daily turnover. This market is liquid for about five years. The Interest Rate Swaps, or the IRS, is mainly driven by offshore banks.

The China yuan is only limited to financial institutions and onshore companies and is not liquid. Currently the USD/CNY rate is about 8.2770 and is being closely managed by the central bank (PBOC). The Chinese government has resisted all calls for them to revalue their currency; but as the Chinese government continues to strengthen their banking systems and make reforms in their economic policies, there is likely to be a possible call for opening spot trading. The interbank money market does not go beyond four months.

Knowing the top currencies to watch in Forex trading will get you in the game.
About the Author
David Mclauchlan has a great variety of Forex related articles for you at his Forex Directory. Visit it now at href="http://www.forex-article-directory.com.com">www.Forex-Article-Directory.com
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