Home » Health » Diseases and Conditions

Treating Periodontal Disease

Jan 21, 2008
Controlling the infection is the primary aim when treating periodontal disease. The type of treatment employed will vary in different individuals and is dependant upon the cause as well as the severity of the gum disease. With all treatments, what is vital is that the patient carries out a good daily dental care routine at home. Changing habits that are adverse to dental health, including quitting the use of all tobacco products is also one of the steps that will improve the outcome of the treatment.

Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)

The deep cleaning procedure includes scaling and root planing and is a procedure that can only be carried out by a dentist, dental hygienist or a periodontist. During scaling, the tartar that is above and below the gum line is scraped off. Root planing is done to get rid of the disease-causing bacteria and to remove rough sots on the root of the tooth, where germs tend to gather.

Medications

Though they cannot always be used to replace surgery, medications are often used along side other periodontal treatments including scaling and root planing. Despite using medication, surgical treatment may still be recommended depending upon the severity of the gum disease.

Some of the medications currently used when treating periodontal disease include:

Prescription antimicrobial mouthrinse that contains chlorhexidine, which is an antimicrobial. It is used like a regular mouthwash and helps control bacteria during the treatment of gingivitis. It is also often prescribed following gum surgery.

Antiseptic "chip", a tiny piece of gelatin filled with chlorhexidine helps control bacteria and decreases the size of periodontal pockets. After root planing, the chips are placed in the pockets where the medicine is released a little at a time.

Antibiotic gel that contains doxycline works to control the bacteria and reduce the size of the periodontal pockets. The gel is placed in the pockets after scaling and root planing, and the antibiotic is slowly released over a period of about seven days.

Antibiotic micro-spheres, tiny minocycline-containing particles also help control bacteria and decrease the size of the periodontal pockets. The micro-spheres are placed into the pockets after scaling and root planing and the antibiotic is slowly released over a period of time.

A low dose of enzyme suppressant, doxycycline, keeps destructive enzymes in check and prevents them from breaking down gum tissue. This medication comes in the form of a pill and is typically used in combination with root planing and scaling.

Surgery

Flap Surgery: A common surgical practice that involves removal of tartar after lifting back the gums. The gums are then sutured back in place in order to make the tissue fit snugly around the tooth again. Flap surgery is undertaken if the inflammation and deep pockets persist despite deep cleaning and treatment with medications.

Bone and Tissue Grafts: Often done in addition to flap surgery, bone or tissue grafts replace and encourage new growth of bone or gum tissue that has been destroyed by periodontitis. Guided tissue regeneration is often done along side bone grafting. This procedure involves inserting a tiny piece of mesh-like fabric between the gum tissue and the bone. This prevents the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone is supposed to be, thus allowing the connective tissue and the bone to grow unhindered.
About the Author
Discover How To Use an All Natural Solution to Eradicate Gum Disease
Rating:
Please Rate:
(Average: Not rated)
Views: 151
Print Email Report Share
Article Categories
    • Artists
    • Gambling
    • Humanities
    • Humor
    • Movies
    • Music
    • Photography
    • Tattoos
    • Television
    • Classic Cars
    • Motorcycles
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • SUVs
    • Trucks
    • Vans
    • Branding
    • Business Opportunities
    • Careers and Jobs
    • Corporate
    • Customer Service
    • Direct Mail
    • Entrepreneurship
    • Ethics
    • Financing
    • Franchising
    • Home-Based Business
    • Human Resources
    • Import and Export
    • Leadership
    • Management
    • Market Research
    • Marketing and Advertising
    • Negotiation
    • Network Marketing
    • Networking
    • Organizational
    • Presentation
    • Project Management
    • Public Relations
    • Small Business
    • Strategic Planning
    • Team Building
    • Telemarketing
    • Training
    • Data Recovery
    • Databases
    • Games
    • Hardware
    • Networks
    • Operating Systems
    • Programming
    • Security
    • Software
    • Spyware and Viruses
    • Ask an Expert
    • College and University
    • Home Schooling
    • K-12
    • Languages
    • Online Education
    • Psychology
    • Accounting
    • Credit
    • Currency Trading
    • Debt Consolidation
    • Insurance
    • Investing
    • Leasing
    • Loans
    • Mortgage
    • Mutual Funds
    • Personal Finance
    • Stock Market
    • Structured Settlements
    • Taxes
    • Wealth Building
    • Coffee
    • Cooking
    • Gourmet
    • Recipes
    • Wine and Spirits
    • Arts and Crafts
    • Babies
    • Collecting
    • Elderly Care
    • Genealogy
    • Hobbies
    • Parenting
    • Pets
    • Pregnancy
    • Woodworking
    • Feng Shui
    • Gardening
    • Home Appliances
    • Home Security
    • Interior Design
    • Landscaping
    • Affiliate Programs
    • Article Marketing
    • Auctions
    • Audio
    • Banner Advertising
    • Blogging
    • Broadband
    • Domain Names
    • E-Books
    • E-Commerce
    • Email Marketing
    • Ezines and Newsletters
    • Forums
    • Internet Marketing
    • Link Popularity
    • Pay-Per-Click
    • Podcasting
    • RSS
    • Search Engine Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization
    • Security
    • Social Media
    • Spam
    • Video
    • Viral Marketing
    • Web Design
    • Web Development
    • Web Hosting
    • Copyright
    • Cyber Law
    • Intellectual Property
    • National, State, Local
    • Patents
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Trademarks
    • Buying
    • Selling
    • Baseball
    • Basketball
    • Boating
    • Cycling
    • Extreme Sports
    • Fishing
    • Football
    • Golf
    • Hockey
    • Hunting
    • Martial Arts
    • Running
    • Scuba Diving
    • Soccer
    • Swimming
    • Tennis
    • Dating
    • Divorce
    • Marriage
    • Weddings
    • Astrology
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Faith
    • Hinduism
    • Islam
    • Judaism
    • Meditation
    • Metaphysical
    • New Age
    • Cable and Satellite TV
    • Cell Phones
    • Communication
    • Gadgets and Gizmos
    • GPS
    • Satellite Radio
    • Video Conferencing
    • VoIP
    • Addictions
    • Coaching
    • Goal Setting
    • Motivational
    • Stress Management
    • Time Management
    • Clothing
    • Electronics
    • Fashion
    • Gifts
    • Jewelry
    • Causes and Organizations
    • Environment
    • History
    • Holidays
    • Men's Issues
    • Nature
    • Philosophy
    • Politics
    • Women's Issues
    • World Affairs
    • Air Travel
    • Camping
    • Cruises
    • Destinations
    • Outdoors
    • Article Writing
    • Book Reviews
    • Copywriting
    • Fiction
    • Non-Fiction
    • Poetry
    • Quotes
    • Screenplay
    • Tools and Resources