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Watch Out For Canine Parvovirus In Jack Russell Dogs

Feb 6, 2008
Have you heard of CPV in Jack Russell dogs? CPV stands for Canine Parvovirus, a highly infectious disease affecting dogs. Canine parvovirus only affects dogs since every mammal has its own specific parvovirus. So there is no way that a cat may develop canine parvovirus.

Though emerged in the late 1970s, Canine Parvovirus was only first recognized in 1978. Jack Russell dogs can be affected with this disease but other breeds more prone to this are Rottweilers, Labrador Retrievers and Pit bull terriers.

This disease is spread through physical contact of dogs. The virus of this disease is passed on through feces and attacks your dog's gastrointestinal tract when ingested. This doesn't only affect the gastrointestinal tract but also damages the heart muscle of young and even unborn pup.

Symptoms of this disease are visible within three to ten days. Symptoms include lethargy, vomiting, loss of appetite, fever and diarrhea. Vomiting and diarrhea usually leads to rapid dehydration causing other infections to occur. Dogs with CPV are also prone to intussusception, a condition in which a part of the intestine has prolapsed to another section of the intestine.

Presence of this disease should be discovered and treated immediately. When not treated immediately, victims of this disease may need extensive hospitalization especially when dehydration sets in. CPV can be diagnosed through CPV test in the feces using either hemagglutination or electron microscopy. Your veterinarian will then diagnose the disease based on clinical appearances and these laboratory tests.

Veterinarians can not prescribe what drug can exactly kill the virus in infected dogs because until now, there is still no known drug for this disease. The treatment usually starts in treating dehydration. Electrolytes and fluid losses should be replaced immediately. Vomiting and diarrhea should be controlled.

Thinking of preventive measures? Don't worry! An easy, no-sweat way to prevent your dog from developing this disease is to vaccinate him. Young pups are immune to diseases because of their mom's milk. However, this immunity wears off thus vaccination is necessary. What you'll gonna do is to take your Jack Russell dogs to your vet for his required vaccines.

Same with humans, hygiene and proper cleaning is very important. Kennels and areas where infected dogs are kept should be properly cleaned and disinfected. It is also a good idea if infected dogs are separated from other dogs.

Just always remember to be cautious when it comes to your dog's health. Check the vaccinations, provide the right foods, maintain regular grooming and cleaning and be extra cautious when taking your Jack Russell dogs outside such as parks, obedience classes or dog shows.
About the Author
Richard Cussons is a writer and a dog expert. He has written articles about different breeds of dogs. Want to learn more about Jack Russell Terrier training? Visit this site dedicated to Jack Russell dogs.
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