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History And Origin Of Dachshund

Feb 9, 2008
Nobody can question the popularity of Dachshund in Germany, France, United States and many other countries. Dachshund breed came into being many centuries ago. It was around 17th century when a group of hunters in Germany came with the idea of breeding a courageous and intelligent dog with short legs, long body that is strong enough to work even down the burrow. The target is the badger. Ancient German foresters had hard time with the badgers. Badgers are nasty creatures of around twenty to forty pounds having its den underground. What the foresters want was a dog capable of fighting those badgers to death. That is why Dachshund came into being.

The word Dachshund is composed of two German words Dach and Hund. Dach means badger and Hund means dog. So literally, Dachshund means "badger dog". This breed is also called wiener dog, hot dog and sausage dog based on their long and narrow build. In Germany, they are also known as Dackel and Teckel.

Modern Dachshund popular today is a mixture of German, French and English hounds and terriers. Formal breeding program was started way back in 17th century. It is said that smooth-haired Teckel was created out of a small pointer type called French Braque and Pinscher. Then during the French Revolution in the late 18th century, France' upper class went to Germany for escape. Taking with them their pets gave way to the crossing of German Teckel and French Bassets. The offspring of this mix called Dachsbracke if they have long legs and Dachshunds if they have short legs, short ears and pointed muzzle.

It was between the year 1879 and 1885 when Dachshund was first introduced in the United States. Dachshunds are classified into two varieties; the smooth-coated and longhaired varieties. Another variety, the wirehaired Dachshund was recently added. Dachshunds are also grouped into two sizes; the Miniature and the Standard. Miniature Dachshund weighs less than eleven pounds and the latter weighs between eighteen to twenty pounds. In Germany, another size was added, Kaninchenteckel, based on the chest measurement taken at fifteen months of age.

World War I was a disaster for Dachshunds. There was a decrease in the number of this breed because during those years, anything that has something to do with German was being hated. They were oftentimes the victims of those hatred. Good thing they have great skills and irresistible charm, the number was increased and became popular once more.

Dachshund makes popular pets as well despite the fact that they were originally developed to hunt badgers. The breed was ranked 6th as most popular pet in the United States based in the most recent AKC registration. The standard smooth=haired is the most popular type.

These dogs with exceptional skills in hunting badgers was later found out as excellent hunter of fox, rabbit and in tracking wounded deer. Dachshund in packs can also hunt wild boar.
About the Author
Richard Cussons knows a lot on Dachshund. Check out this site dedicated to Dachshund dogs to help you learn more on this breed.
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